How to grow petunia from seeds: step-by-step guide

How to grow petunia from seeds: step-by-step guide

In this article, we will tell you about the subtleties and submarine stones of planting and germinating seeds of Petunia, about the stage of the first real leaves, the management of the growth, the formation of the root system and the initial feeding, dive, transplantation, formation and layout of the vases.

Sowing and germination

When starting landing

In the south of Russia, you can start from mid-February, in the middle lane - from the end of February - the beginning of March.

What seeds choose

Pay attention for the year of harvest. The term of biological viability of petunia seeds

2 years!

Petunia seeds are very small. Ensure them exactly on the surface of the soil is difficult. Significantly facilitate this task of seeds in granules. Granules before planting do not need any processing. In no case, do not try to destroy the granules to accelerate the germination of seeds.

What kind of soil to choose

One of the most important methods for the cultivation of petunition is the choice of soil. The best is universal, based on peat, finely dispersed. It should not have sticks, lumps, insect larvae, etc. Soil with giving, even very good, is not suitable. To exclude parasites and possible diseases, the ground can be disappeared in the oven.

What to grow

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For the sowing of Petunia, plastic grocery containers are very convenient, which is in any supermarket. In addition, they are closed with a lid, which will be needed in the early stages of seed germination.

How to sow

  • Fill the groove container approximately to ¾ (the height of the soil is not more than 3-4 cm).
  • Moisten the soil and thoroughly crumple the surface.
  • Place seeds or granules on the surface of the soil. For this purpose, it is convenient to use the usual toothpick. Moching her end, it is easy to pick up the seed and transfer to the right place. Uniform distribution of seed will facilitate the pickup. In one container, 250 ml can be sowed from 5 to 15 seeds.
  • Do not sprinkle the seeds with soil and do not spray them from the spray!
  • Having finished sowing, close the container with a lid. Until the formation of the seedy leaves, the lid should be closed, which will reduce evaporation and will allow a young improper plant to be in a wet environment.

Temperature mode

Optimal germination temperature of 25-30 degrees. With this mode, the petunia seeds will go within 10 days. The lower the temperature, the longer you have to wait for germs. It is advisable to control the temperature of the thermometer.

Lighting

The optimal duration of the day after seedlings and turning the seedy leaves is 14-16 hours a day. Since in early March, the Light Day in most regions does not exceed 11 hours, it is necessary to use the backlight.

What else to do before dive

Before the deployment of seedled leaves, you only need to monitor the optimal temperature. If the soil for some reason dries up and watering is required, it is best to pour water into the space between the room of the earth and the wall of the tank, but not to the surface of the soil. In addition, condensate can be formed on the lid, which is cleaned, slightly tilting the container. Excess moisture flows along the wall of the tank and enters the ground. After the seedy leaves unfolded, the container cover is removed. Now you can pour water to the surface, naturally with caution. It remains to wait for the formation of 2-3 pairs of real leaves. And you can proceed to the dive.

Germination

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Remove the cover

For mouths, it takes from 2 to 14 days. It must be borne in mind that the seeds cannot climb at the same time. You need to wait until all seedy leaves turn out, then remove the container cover. Now you can add water to the surface, naturally with caution. If the container is generous, such as a 250 ml container, is enough to make a soil along the walls. In other cases, watering produced "under the root", following the leaves there is no drop of moisture.

Follow the humidity of the soil

After removing the soil cover, starts to dry quickly, so it is necessary to monitor its condition and not forget to moisten if necessary. The dry peat soil changes the color, is made lighter. Carefully monitor the state of the soil, breathing it can reduce all your efforts. Normal humidity at this stage is 50-60%

We change the temperature mode

The seedling temperature should be reduced to 20-24 degrees. If this is not done, the plants prematurely stretch and the interstice will weaken. Note that after removing the cover, the temperature of the soil itself will decrease by 2-3 degrees.

We provide proper lighting

During this period, the length of the day for the plant should be at least 14-16 hours. Since petunia germination is produced, as a rule, in March, natural light will not be enough and you need to use the backlight.

The illumination at this stage should be about 5,000 suite (cloudy weather in the middle lane). The required level of light flux can be obtained using a luminescent lamp with two 36-40 W lamps each and a mirror reflector.

Lamps should be located at an altitude of 40-45 cm from the surface. Lower installation will lead to overheating seedlings, higher - to a lack of light.

You can also use a specialized LED backlight, such as highlighting for seedlings "LUMUM" or panels used in greenhouse farms. Use ordinary LED ribbons will not work, since they have insufficient power.

The most efficient use of illumination in combination with natural lighting, for example on the windowsill or on loggias.

Podkord

Check the appearance of seedlings. By this term, the first pair of real (no longer seedy) leaves should be well developed. Their size differs depending on the Petunia group.

Ampel forms are larger in the bush - smaller.

Sprouts must be a rich green color with short interstices.

The transparent bottom of the container allows you to check the development of the root system. At this stage, the root should be clearly visible.

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If everything corresponds to the above, the feeder should not hold at this stage! If the plants stretched out, have a pale or yellowish tint, poorly develop roots, you need to try to find the cause.

First of all, make sure there is a necessary combination of light and temperature. If there are few lights, the plants will die, but if his lack is not so big, and there is no possibility to increase the power or duration of the illumination, (at this stage it is allowed to be seeded around the clock), the position can be corrected with a decrease in temperature up to 14-16 degrees.

Nevertheless, the slow growth of seedlings and the yellowing of the leaves is extremely rare (at this stage) can be caused by the poverty of the substrate or the unbalance of nutrient elements. In this case, it is necessary to feed the seedlings.

First subordinate

Dates of subcord

7-14 days after the unfolding of the seedlings, real leaves begin to form. After formation of 1-2 pairs of real leaves, you can start feeding if there is a need for this.

Indications for subordinate
  • Yellowing leaves;
  • Expressing seedlings (the reason for pulling may also be lack of light and high temperature);
  • Slow growth of seedlings.
What and how to perform feeding

The feeding should be carried out with complex water-soluble fertilizers with trace elements.

Picking

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What do you dive?

  • We use special plastic pots for seedlings. For ampel grades 8 cm in diameter, for bush forms - 6 cm. Pricing soil take the same, universal, based on peat, lightweight with minimal fertilizer additive and acidity 5.5 - 6.5. Before landing, check the quality of the soil. If it has extraneous inclusions or any insects, this primer is used again after greenhouses and it is better to throw it.
  • Gently remove the contents of the container.
  • We divide the plants, trying to minimize the roots. Cut the roots do not need - picking in itself stimulates further root formation.
  • Do not pinch a petunia, that you only slow down further development.
  • Looking out a young petunia in the pots. We try to plunge not very tight and leaving a small space for water. The use of such pots will allow us to further easily control the growth and quality of the root system. Carefully water.
  • Marking plants.

Conditions of detention

Petunia was better placed in a cool place with a temperature of 15-19 degrees.

At the same time, it is advisable to greatly increase illumination. The best natural lighting in combination with the deal. In the conditions of a winter garden or a greenhouse at this time, you can already do without lighting. By the end of March, the light day increases and the sun is already quite high enough.

That is why we strongly recommend starting to sow petunias until the end of February. Early sowing is significantly lengthens the deadline for development, but it dramatically worsens the quality of seedlings and increases the cost of obtaining it.

Podkord

You can finish the seedlings only after the appearance of new leaves. The following feeders are made in the same way as the first.

This technology provides a guaranteed result without the use of stimulants and special means with minimal soil consumption and growing space.

First transplant

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The development of ampeline varieties of petunia and bush at this stage is very different. Ampels form several powerful side shoots and one, small, central.

White (Grandiflora, Multiflora, etc.), on the contrary, have a more developed main escape.

What do you transplan?

  • We use plastic pots for seedlings. For ampel grades 1-1.2 liters, for bush forms - 0.5-0.7 liters. Use the same soil as for dive.
  • Remove the plant and check the quality of the root system. Roots should occupy the entire volume.
  • We have a loose pot, we make a deepening and planting seedlings, leaving space for watering. Marking a pot. Fall.
  • We do not pinch a petunia, let us allow the varieties to show your genetic potential.

Conditions of detention

At this stage, you need to ensure so much light for seedlings as possible. This will determine the quality of plants and will accelerate their development and blooming.

At home, it is better to be late to be late with the dates of landing than spending sowing early. Young plants developing in April-May will overtake in the development and quality of their older brothers.

The temperature at this stage is desirable to maintain a moderate-cool 16-20 degrees.

Formation of vases

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Petunia must bloom about the 25th day after a transplant with large beautiful flowers. Side shoots are formed. Roots occupy the entire volume.

Ampel varieties form long side shoots 25 cm.

What do you transplan?

  • Use plastic pots. For large-flowered and terry petunia, about 3 liters per plant, for ampel forms - 10 liters. We use the same soil as before.
  • Put the pot, we make an equal distance of the recess and plant seedlings.
  • Lightly apply, blocking the root neck.

Ampel varieties require a much larger volume!

Conditions of detention

At this stage, it should be started by hardening plants, endure them outside at daytime or put it in a greenhouse. The earlier it is to do, the faster they adapt to external conditions.

Watering should not be interimed, however, it is necessary that the whole of the soil be evenly moistened. Petunia speaks well for a constant change in the humidity of the substrate - the "humid dry" mode.

The blurred flowers are better removed with the blooms.

The feeding should be done only after your petunias come down, instead of another watering, once every 2 weeks.

Blossom and layout of vases

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Abundant blossom will start about a month after the appearance of the first large flowers.

Vasons with a volume of 10-12 liters are good for three bush petunitions.

The emptic petunia leaves can reach 60 cm. For these plants, you can use pots of 30-40 liters.

Main events during this period

  • Feeding - every two weeks. If the soil volume is less recommended, feeding should be carried out more often.
  • Watering. Petunia does not like the convergence. Permanent sludge thinning of the substrate stimulates the plant. A constant overflow will lead to the elimination of the lower leaves and the development of fungal diseases.
  • It is recommended to constantly remove the stunned flowers along with the urins.
  • If necessary, processing plants from pests insecticides and in the case of rainy summer fungicides from fungal diseases.

Finally

The most important points in the cultivation of petunias from seeds

  • Correct seed seed. Preference to high-quality hybrids of proven manufacturers.
  • The right choice of soil. Work with verified suppliers
  • Do not rush to sowing times. Early sowing leads to the loss of the quality of seedlings.
  • Use backlight and do not allow high temperatures.
  • Watch out the humidity.
  • For each stage, use the tank of the desired size.

For many years already Petunia is one of the leaders in gardening cottages, parisades, squares and parks of the city. She decorate balconies and verandas. Submitting a landscape without these unpretentious colors is simply not possible. Petunia refers to long-respected plants. From sowing seed to the first colors should pass at least three months. Therefore, it is necessary to grow it with a seaside way. But how to plant and grow seedlings of petunition at home, today and consider.

Petunia description

Petunia description

Petunia refers to perennial plants, family - grated. But in Russia it is grown as an annual plant. It is a bush with a height of about twenty-seventy centimeters. It happens a reprehension or stray. Flower is funnelized, there is a simple or terrible with wavy and fringe edges. Coloring is the most diverse, even black. Some varieties have a light fragrance.

Types of Petunia and Popular Sorts

Motherland Petunia is Brazil. In Russia, Petunia settled in 1839. And, of course, breeders immediately paid attention to it. In 1855, the world saw the terry varieties of petunition. In 1881 brought large-flowered petunia. Later, an ampel and cascading petunia was taken out, at about the same time an interesting grade was withdrawn with sterile male flowers, which gave him the opportunity to bloom abundantly and for a very long time.

Types of Petunia

Types of Petunia
Large-flowered petunia

The flowering of this flower begins almost from the first days after disembarking at a permanent place to the most frosts. Leaves and shoots look like velvet because of ferrous hairs, which they are covered.

Conditionally, four types of petunition can be distinguished:

Large-flowered

  • These are bush grades with flowers reaching a diameter of 10 cm.
  • This group is characterized by its diversity. It includes flowers of different colors and shapes.
  • It can be the flowers of one color and two-color, as well as those called terry.
  • This kind of petunition is an excellent garden decoration. It looks good at the flower beds. The taste of selected plants will force the flower bed with a beautiful carpet.

No matter how these petunias are beautiful, but they have a number of flaws. Their flowers do not like water. Even the slightest rain will reopulate their decorativeness.

Also watered them should be under the root, do not assort the gentle flowers. Although it is necessary to pay tribute, they restore rather quickly. Strong gusts of the wind can also cause damage to the beauty of bush petunitions.

Multi-Deck

Multi-flower petunias photo
Multi-flower petunia
  • Unlike large-flowered petunia, this variety has small flowers of no more than 5 cm. But the bush, as if all messed up with these crumbs. And they begin to bloom before other species.
  • In addition, they differ in greater resistance to weather whims. They do not suffer without raining, not the wind, and even a slight decrease in temperature they can easily transfer. What will not be not seen in the regions with a short summer.
  • And the flowering of this species lasts for quite a long time, much longer than large-flowered fellows.
  • The breeders are derived a large number of different forms of this species. These are terry forms and two-color.

Ampel or cascade

Petunia ampelnaya
Ampel or cascading petunias

These are plants with long shoots, completely swept in colors. Plants of this species is best to plant in suspended porridge, vases or vertical beds. In these cases, they look beautiful cascades.

Some varieties of this species have very long shoots, and some look like a bowl. Some multiply seeds, and some, such as Surfini only shoots.

Dwarf or shorty

Petunia dwarfs
Dwarf or low petunia

The bush has a height of no more than 15-30 cm. They are used in flower beds and chapets. Together with high plants you can create a beautiful composition. Well they look in balcony boxes.

Popular varieties of petunia

The kind of bush petunia has many varieties:

Milliflora. This type includes plants with small flowers from 2 to 4 cm in diameter. Buckets are completely shrouded with small flower.

Grandiflora. In this form combined large-flowered plants. The diameter of the Flower-gramophone is more than 7 cm. The varieties of petunition of this type are perhaps the most beautiful. Bright colorful flowers with corrugated or fringe edge.

Petunia Grandflower photo
Grandiflora

Very beautiful, large-flowered petunition varieties. Dreams series is one of the popular flowers. Their flowers have different colors.

Not less loved at the gardeners of the "Ultra" variety, "Titan", "Polanis", "Storm".

The following series is very in demand from cascading petunias:

  • Cherry;
  • Ramblin;
  • Typhoon;
  • Rose.

These varieties grow everywhere. With proper care, it will be happy to please the eye.

Ampel petunias are perfect for arbor, arches. They look great in suspended porridge. With their help, you can create many stunning compositions.

Sortogroup sulfonia. This is the first group that is resistant to precipitation and adverse weather conditions. This group has a very fast vegetation: for the complete formation of the bush, she will need only a month and a half. The bush begins to bloom abundantly to the most frosts.

Sortogroup sulfonia
Sulfinia

I want to separately talk about Double Surfinia varieties. These are beautiful flowers with amazingly beautiful terry colors.

Surfing amethyst. This variety does not need to form, it grows in the form of a thick hat. Flowers have a saturated purple color. This variety has a pleasant gentle fragrance. In the evening hours, the fragrance is felt especially clearly.

When to plant petunia seeds on seedlings

In Petunia, the period from sowing seed into the ground, until the first colors are very long. If we plant these flowers directly into the soil, then you can bloom and do not wait. Therefore, it is necessary to plant petunias depending on the region since mid-February to the end of March.

Seeding seeds

Seeding seeds

To seedlings of Petunia rose strong and healthy to start, of course, from the soil. You can take a ready-made store soil, and you can prepare yourself. This follows from autumn. The soil should be loose and absorb moisture well.

It is best to use the following components:

  • Garden Earth;
  • Sand;
  • Peat;
  • Humus.

All components are taken in equal parts. Soil before use must be improved, as well as disinfected with the help of manganese.

Prepared soil must be placed in mini greenhouse. It is best to use a plastic box from a cake or a five-liter bottle, cut along two unequal parts. And on one side, the roof is not necessary.

Thoroughly moisturize or put on top of a layer of snow with a thickness of more than five centimeters. Lay on the snow evenly seeds. On white snow, black petunia grains will be clearly visible, so you can trace the thickness of the landing.

If it turns out an excessive density, then the seeds can be moved using a tweezers or toothpicks. After that, close the lid, or cover the tank with a film, glass. And to leave her greenhouse in a warm place for about a week or days 10.

Important! Every day, mini greenhouse needs to be tired.

Caring for crops

Caring for crops

In order for seedlings to not died behind it, it is necessary to follow and care from the first days.

Lighting

Petunia is very light sound. She needs a lot of light. After shooting will appear, you need to provide good lighting. Ideally, it is 24 hours a day. But 14-16 hours will be enough, although it will develop slightly slower than with round-the-clock lighting. Especially important lighting for plants planted during the winter months. At this time, the lighting should be at least 19-20 hours.

Watering

While the seedlings under the lid water them no need. But as the seedlings are growing, the soil will be filled and here you need to carefully follow the humidity. Because at this time it is very easy to allow such an error when the sprouts dried. To reanimate them, in contrast to the adult seedlings, it will not be possible.

The convergence is also extremely desirable. A black leg may occur. First, watering is best done with the help of a medical syringe directly into the soil, so as not to damage the gentle leaves. When the seedlings can be gritting from a pulverizer with small holes.

Piking petunia

Piking petunia

When there will be 4-6 leaves on Petunia saplings, it must be sipped. That is, to transplant into separate cups or in the container of larger. It has a very developed root system and it is done in order that the roots are not confused and to obtain more nutrients.

Actually, picking is called the process to remove some parts of the plant roots for better increments of the root system.

In cases with petunias, it is desirable to disturb the root system at all, that is, it is necessary to displete with the land. In this case, the process of rooting the plant will accelerate, and it will hurt less.

Petunia can be raised at all without a dive, but in this case it is originally necessary to plant seeds into a separate cup.

Important! When boarding the petunition in a separate container, it should be filled with ½ volume. In the process of growth, the seedlings will need to be plugged.

Then, when landing in an open soil, the seedlings simply roll along with the land of the earth into the prepared hole. Thus, the roots will not be damaged at all.

Pipping petunia

Pipping petunia

After dive and successful rooting, seedlings should be searched. That is, remove the top of the plant. This is done in order for the plant to increase the side shoots, and not stretched in length. Plug upper leaves.

The cut should turn out as close as possible to the remaining pair of leaves. The disconnect part of the plant can be rooted. You just need to put it in the nutrient ground.

After pinching, it is advisable to immediately help petunia with a complex fertilizer.

It is believed that new grades of hybrids do not need to quiet, but if they grew up with a lack of lighting or in cramped conditions, they will be pulled out, in such cases it will still have to adjust sprouts.

After the plant is placed on a permanent place, it is also necessary to periodically expose the compression procedure. For a more beautiful view of the bush, for more lush flowering.

Different methods of growing

In addition to growing seedlings in the ground, there are other, less common methods of cultivation of petunia.

In peat tablets

In peat tablets

Many gardeners enjoy growing petunition seedlings in peat pills. They are a pressed peat in the form of small round washers. They added various mineral components and microorganisms to stimulate the root system and good seedlings. From above, the washers are covered with a special dense grid.

When the water is absorbed, the peat swells, and this mesh will not allow the tablet to get enough. Through it, extended moisture and air required for the aeration of the roots of the plant are perfect. The mesh is impregnated with a special substance, and not harmful microorganisms nor pathogenic mushrooms do not fall to the roots of the plant.

Petunia seed landing time in peat pills does not differ from landing in the ground. Also from mid-February to March. It is best for planting petunitions suitable tablets, the diameter of which is from 3.5 to 4.5 cm.

Before use, the pills should be soaked in warm water for 5-10 minutes. Then it is necessary to put no more than one or two seeds to each puck, and slightly pour. As well as in the ground, the seeds should not shuffle, otherwise it will be difficult to break out.

After sowing a pill-washer must be placed in a warm, well-lit place. The air temperature must be at least 20-25 оC. Constantly monitor the humidity of the tablet and, if necessary, moisturize. With proper care after 7-10 days, the first sprouts will appear.

You can put tablets with seeds in mini greenhouses. It is necessary to care for such greenhouses, as in the case when the seeds are planted into the ground - to ventilate, moisturize.

Watering can be carried out in a different way:

  • Pour water into the pallet;
  • Spray the pills themselves from the pulverizer with fine holes.

After germination of seedlings, when their root system will be enough space in the tablet, it is necessary to remove the mesh and put them together with the tablet into the tank with the nutrient soil.

If there are larger tablets for growing seedlings, then when landing at a permanent place, it is necessary to remove the grid from the washers and put a seedling into the prepared hole along with a peat room.

Petunia Growing in Peat Tablets - Video

In Kashpo, in pots

In pots and kashpo most often grow ampel and cascading types of petunitions. Often, novice flowers think about how much it is necessary to plant petunitions in one pot or porridge? Experienced gardeners say. That in one pot can be planted up to five plants.

For the role of kashpo, it is perfect:

  • Clay and ceramic pots;
  • Plastic porridge and pots;
  • Mayonnaise buckets and other suitable packaging.

It should be borne in mind that in small containers you need to plant no more than one plant. It is necessary to trace the drain hole to drain excess water. On the bottom it is convenient to put a layer of moss or foam rubber.

Capacities need to fill the nutrient soil consisting of:

  • One piece of turf land;
  • Two parts of the leaf land;
  • One part of the peat;
  • One part of humoring;
  • A little perlite.

Sprinkle petunia seedlings, but it is not necessary to immediately carry out on the street. It is necessary to gradually temper the landing, pulling out the pots for a few hours a day in warm weather, gradually increasing time.

After the plants have defined the place, you must constantly follow them. Water, loosen, form a bush, remove the shockless flowers and seeds.

Petunia transplant permanent location

Petunia transplant permanent location

When the air temperature warms up, the seedlings of Petunia are planted at a permanent place. The best petunia will take place in a new place if they are planted in cloudy weather. It is necessary to prepare holes in size about 10 cm, and put a sapling there along with the land of the earth.

The distance between the bushes should be from 20 to 35 cm depending on the variety.

Care for petunias in summer

Throughout the summer, Petunia require constant care.

Watering. As the soil drying, the flowers must be watered. Watering to spend better in the evening. After irrigation, the soil near the plant should be braid.

Feeding fertilizers. After a week, one and a half after the petunition landing need to hold the first feeding of nitrogen-containing fertilizer. A couple of weeks later, for better flowering, you need to feed the phosphoric and potash fertilizer. Petunia spokes up well on stealing ashes. Throughout the period of flowering, alternate nitrogen fertilizers with phosphate and potash should alternate.

Removal of flashing buds . Faded flowers must be deleted in a timely manner. Since it spoils the beauty of the bush in general, and takes extra nutrients.

What to do for lush flowering

What to do for lush flowering

So that flowering in Petunia was long and abundant, it should take care of it and care.

To get lush bushes, they must be formal. To do this, they must be quenched. And it is necessary to add not only the main stem, but all the other shoots. Together, the seas will grow two escapes.

As soon as shoots, a length of 10-15 cm has been reached, they should be seen again. The more often pinch the plant, the bush will be more magnificent. It should be remembered that with such an intense growth of Petunia shoots, do not forget to feed fertilizers. Otherwise, the plant is depleting and lush flowering will not work.

It is also necessary to follow the swarming buds and delete them on time so that they do not form seeds. A lot of strength is spent on the formation of seeds. Well, of course, timely water the plant.

Diseases and pests

Diseases and pests

Petunia is most often subjected to such diseases as:

  • Blackleg. The stem at the soil level darkens and gets, as a result of which the plant dies. Treatment: Preview, Ridomil, Copper Hammer solution. Also Trihodermil, Phitosporin-M.
  • Puffy dew. The disease is caused by fungus. Treatment: It is necessary to remove all infected areas of the plant along with the top layer of the soil. It is also worth reduce the use of nitrogenous feeding. You can irrigate the plant with the infusion of garlic or mustard.
  • Gray rot. The causative agent is soil fungus. Treatment: Reduce nitrogen-containing fertilizers. Remove all patients. Treated with triphipimil; Toopaz; Ordan.

Pests:

Helicing traps and plant treatment with decisis, fufanol.

Problems of growing petunia

Problems of growing petunia

Yellowing seedlings

The disease in the uneven yellowing of the upper leaves (the bodies remain green) are called chlorosis. This is a deficiency of iron. Causes causing chlorosis:

  • Tillage;
  • Bad soil;
  • Abundant watering.

The plant needs to be patched "Ferovit" or "chelate iron".

The yellowing of the lower leaves happens from excessive watering or lack of nitrogen. Necessary

Reduce watering and make nitrogen fertilizers.

Twisting leaves

Causes due to which the leaves are twisted in the seedlings of Petunia:

  • Unsatisfactory conditions of cultivation;
  • Viruses and pests.

When improving the cultivation conditions, the seedlings will go back to normal if they attacked the pests, the wave or triples can be destroyed by decides or put adhesive traps. But if the plant is damaged by the virus, then it will not be able to save it. The main thing is to prevent the dissemination of the disease to other plants.

Poor Petunia

Seedling can grow badly for the following reasons:

  • Poor-quality soil. By changing the soil, the problem can be solved.
  • Little packaging. Pereavating the seedlings into the capacity of larger volume, the seedlings will begin to grow again.
  • Not enough nitrogen fertilizers. Need to fertilize.

If all the shortcomings are eliminated, and seedlings still grow poorly, it is necessary to carry out stimulation. We use vitamins B1 and B12 for this. A ampoule of one of the drugs should be divorced in a glass of warm water and irrigation with the resulting solution of petunition leaves. It is necessary to alternate vitamins after 7 days and seedlings will go into growth.

The most successful method of growing petunia - video

At first glance it may seem that it is very difficult to grow beautiful petunia flowers, but it is not. No wonder they say - the eyes are afraid, hands do. With proper cultivation, you can admire their beauty all summer. These multicolored floral clouds will not leave anyone else.

Easy will not be! About all the secrets of cultivation of Petunia [in one article from "A" to "I"]
Easy will not be! About all the secrets of cultivation of Petunia [in one article from "A" to "I"]

Perennial petunias and its various types (Surphinia, Freellinia, Supernya, Fortune, etc.) - one of the favorite colors of the gardeners. Unfortunately, in our climate, the plant is cultivated as the annual and has to plant it every year. But before being bloated, the plant increases the root system for a very long time. And if so, it is possible to sow it in February. I know the "fans" of Petunia, which seed seeds and in january . But note that winter crops need mandatory lighting, at least 15 hours per day and two-time picking.

In our region permanent plus (daily ) The temperature comes in early June. At this time and plant annuals in the garden. I sow petunia from the beginning (and sometimes from the middle) of March and until mid-April. Spring crops very quickly shoot and grow tightly under the real sun and increased light day.

It is possible to plant a garden in May, but then you have to cover petunia from night frosts
It is possible to plant a garden in May, but then you have to cover petunia from night frosts

Sometimes, my petunias already blooms at the end of May, then in the summer he managed to bloom again.

Dandy Petunia Early landing, early bloom (photo 26 May), but I had to put shelter for the night 10 days
Dandy Petunia Early landing, early bloom (photo 26 May), but I had to put shelter for the night 10 days

Petunia Growing (Step-by-step recommendation)

Landing seeds

  • Petunia seeds are usually SEW in two ways: part - in peat pills and part - in the snow. As I already wrote, the seeds sown in the spring perfectly spare - from one to one and a half weeks - and quickly develop without any illumination. And to the first flower, usually takes 50-60 days.
I really like to sow in the snow.
In the snow, as a rule, sow seeds of simple varieties, board dick and quickly
In the snow, as a rule, sow seeds of simple varieties, board dick and quickly
  • Any suitable container fills the soil, special flower or universal soil pressure with coconut substrate. Drainage holes do not. I wipe well, but not to sputum. If it is excess water, drain or add soil. Spraying the phytosporin solution (10 drops / 1 l. Water). The soil level from the edge of the container is below 5-7 cm. And, just this space, fill in the snow. Align, compact, scatter seeds. I close the convex lid and clean it in a warm and dry place. Petunia is boiling at 22 - 23 ° C after 7 - 9 days. Some before, some later, but as soon as the first sign of the proceeding seedlings appears, I put the container closer to the light.
The method of planting seeds in the snow has some inconvenience: when two-three real leaves appear, picking is needed. Therefore, some petunia seeds sow in peat pills .
In peat pills it is good to sow dued (processed)
In peat pills it is good to sow dued (processed)
  • Tablets pour the phytosporin solution (10 drops / 1 l. Water) And when they increase in the amount, laying out on the surface of 2-3 seeds (but not in the recess in the center, and nearby). I do not fall asleep. Spray everything with the same phytosporin solution + zircon (4 drops / 1 liter water ). I put a tablet into the container, at the bottom of which is embellished or a layer of sand, or vermiculite, approximately 1 cm. As soon as the seedlings grow up, I remove the shell from the tablet and I put it in a small one-time cup, I'll have the land and so get rid of the workshop of working on picking.
Petunia shoot 7 days
Petunia shoot 7 days
  • there is many ways you can sow small seeds , Choose suitable for yourself. By the way, one of the modern ways of landing "in diaper" or "in snail" is also suitable for Petunia. In the article "Diapers for parsley how to quickly and quickly grow parsley on seedlings or for kitchen sodics" Just a description of this method.
  • Both in the snow, and on peat pills, if possible, lay out the seeds at a distance of 0, 8 - 1 cm. Using toothpick.

Care for seedy

  • Seedlings I hold on the windowsill of the south-eastern window. If the sun is fries, then the glass is closed with tulle. Periodically turn the containers to the light. The petunia's sun is blooming and will not stretch.
With caring Petunia's care grows, as on yeast
With caring Petunia's care grows, as on yeast
  • Cuchno-growing petunia must be counted in separate containers: I do it when 2-3 real leaves appear (about a month). In a 200 ml container. Sit down one plant. Petunia needs more soil to grow root, then her bloom will be abundant.
Do not forget to shed seedlings before starting work, it is easier to pull out the roots from the wet ground. Piking Petunia takes a lot of time; Therefore, it is conveniently satisfied with the table, I pull out disposable forks and proceed to the "meal". ☻
Do not forget to shed seedlings before starting work, it is easier to pull out the roots from the wet ground. Piking Petunia takes a lot of time; Therefore, it is conveniently satisfied with the table, I pull out disposable forks and proceed to the "meal". ☻
  • In the process of growth, the seedlings watering it very much and only when I see that the earth almost dried. First, I use the syringe, then the watering can with a thin spout. Petunia cannot be poured and it is better not to fall on the leaves, otherwise it is not possible to avoid posting or "black leg". Watering the tablets either with a needle in the tablet itself, or below.
  • When the flower in the garden (in the porridge, in a vase or basket), then we mulch the soil with a hay or fresh grass under it so that the moisture is not evaporated so fast. Green mulch besides, overheating, gives excellent food flower, because Petunka loves to "eat".
Soil under Petunia Mulch any organica: hayne, grass, moss, dry leaves
Soil under Petunia Mulch any organica: hayne, grass, moss, dry leaves
  • Since the seedlings are not far from the heater, I do not forget to still maintain the very humidity of the air. Norm - within 60%. We increase the moisture of the ventilation (at the same time and temper) or hacking near the underwear after washing.
It happens that Petunia is blooming early, still at home. For more magnificent blossom, the first bud spins off. If the landings are made in mid-February, then the bush can bloom at home again.
Petunia bloomed at home again - the right sign that the conditions of cultivation like it!
Petunia bloomed at home again - the right sign that the conditions of cultivation like it!
  • There are ampels of petunias that do not require formation. But if there is little sun in your region, then I think that the segments cannot be avoided, since the stems will be pulled out. Therefore, at first, do not give petunias to bloom until it increases enough leaves. You will understand when it happens: Petunia, landed in the pots in the garden, will close their greenery under him. Removing flowers, you contribute to the tab by a powerful root system and thereby get a compact, large, lush and healthy bush.
At the very beginning of the rise, we definitely comprise the main escape
At the very beginning of the rise, we definitely comprise the main escape
  • In general, the flower perfectly tolerate the september, but still it is necessary to do it only on a healthy and well-developed plant. Do not be mistaken that the flowers on the plant after this procedure will appear later for 2 weeks, but the bustice will be unusually beautiful. By the way, if you pinch Petunia's shoots regularly, with a break in one month, then the plant shape can be adjusted.
  • Remote Cherenci It can be used to multiply petunia, they will very quickly give the roots and bloom the slightly later, thereby exerting the decorativeness of the flower garden.
  • Before landing in O.G. Capacity with seedlings Harding, carrying them into a cold greenhouse on the beds (in May holidays). Part of the beds I blind newspapers and put the containers, and I install arcs over them and I throw a light Lutrasil. During the day, the door or the fortiethka greenhouse is always open.
Greenhouse in the greenhouse I use not only for tempering petunia, but also seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants
Greenhouse in the greenhouse I use not only for tempering petunia, but also seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants

Care for petunias in about. G. (open soil)

  • As I said, in about. Petunia landing only after the cessation of night frosts, somewhere after June 8-10.
  • In flower beds, flower beds, vasons - where we just do not plant your favorite petunia. For the flower, the distance between plants withstand in the range of 20-25 cm. For vases - 1 plant for 5 liters. Soil. But I noticed that Petunia is a very "freedom-loving" plant and if you highlight it not 5, and 7-8 liters. The desired land, then the pot will not be empty, but will be filled with a flowering cloud! In its ranges of 15 liters. I sit down two plants in each, getting a luxurious blossom.
For balcony boxes with a long 90 cm. There are enough two plants. Do not try to plant thicker: all the same, the stronger plant "will survive" is weaker.
A bright coloring of petunia on the background of pastel tones of the house wall looks amazing!
A bright coloring of petunia on the background of pastel tones of the house wall looks amazing!
  • In order to easily make it easy to make a job on feeding, when planting a flower in O.G., filling the boarding hole in a special way.
I close the grass or Dry leaves , I scatter the pinch of the powder "long-playing" fertilizer AVA and 1 tbsp. l. Granulated horse manure oruchit, I close all the grass and pour out 5-cm. Soil. Now you can plant seedlings. Petunia is perfectly held by the root com and landing is not complicated. On the upper layer of the soil I scatter a glass ash And mulch again grass or moss.
  • Approximately, after 7-10 days, the landing field in OG. I comply with the top point of growth on some petunias (I choose especially elongated). It will be the second and last september for the improved shape of the flowering bustle.
Petunia has passed complete formation and bush received the desired compact form
Petunia has passed complete formation and bush received the desired compact form
  • But, I repeat, do not forget that you may have a zortatch that does not need to form.
  • In the process of flowering, I delete faded boutons and leaves. Approximately, by July 20, petunia decreases decorativeness. Then I cut it off with a sharp secateur, loyping the soil, immediately knocking the old mulch, watering the liquid fetric - suite (1 tbsp. L / 10 l.), I am moving fresh grass again. And somewhere after 10 days, petunias blooms a lush color again.
Trimming Petunia
Trimming Petunia
Tips on pruning. 1. If you use a stupid knife or a secateur, that is, the risk of pouring the vascular on the stem and flower will die. 2. If you have ampel grade (thin drop-down stems), it is better to simply push off a pair of upper intersals. For a cascade variety (stalks are growing up with larger flowers) You can leave big shoots up to 15 cm. For other varieties - leave no more than two lower intercosals (four leaves) .
Petunia - repeated bloom after trimming
Petunia - repeated bloom after trimming

Podkord

It is noted that each flower-gardener chooses its schedule and the way of feeding. For example, at the stage of seedlings, I periodically make this work periodically, and then when landing in the flower beds (or vases), fuel the soil and the landing fossa of a certain dose of the "long-playing" fertilizers. Therefore, for me, it is no longer important for me not just to feed, and not to overgrow. And yet, here's such a sketch of feeding, I try to observe.

  • When planting seeds and growing seedlings I use a solution Phytosporin (10 drops / 1 l. water) + zircon (4 drops / 1 liter water ). Spray every 10 days. Zircon, sometimes replacing, with a drug HB-101 - 2 drops / 1 liters. water. Phytosporin biofungicide protects the plant from mushroom and bacterial diseases, and the zircon increases stress resistance, contributes to the germination of seeds, adaptation and rooting of petunia; HB-101 - acts like a zircon plus improves bloom, reduces the need for nutrition.
  • I make the first root feeding of Petunia 10 days after the dive or when 2-wing, the 3rd of the present leaves. I spread in half-liter water 10 drops of liquid gum of fertilizer, combining with watering once a week.
  • At the age of 1 month, it is possible to make a spraying of the calcium selertray sheet, 1 h. L. / 1 ​​liters. water. The fertilizer in the form of crystals is well soluble in water and contains: calcium - 19%, nitrogen - 13%. Nitric acid calcium will help to avoid pulling and strengthen skeletal vessels; In addition, fertilizer is much smaller than the soil than the urea. The second spraying of Calcium Selutyra I make a week after the seedling seedlings in OG.
In the garden, as a rule, there are always many multicolored petunias
In the garden, as a rule, there are always many multicolored petunias
  • On this work on feeding my petunia ends, as now when landing in OG I use the original gas station for the landing pit and the "long-playing" fertilizer AVA. But earlier I had to water every 10 days water-soluble Complex nitrogen-phosphorus-potash flower fertilizer Ferty, 1 tbsp. l. / 10 liters. water.
Petunia blooms to the coldests and even transfers small minus temperatures. If you want, then the bush can be dug and pick up with you to the apartment for the winter: Cut your whip over the first pair of leaves and plant a pot as a room plant.
This bush went to third flowering, but alas - did not have time ... (October)
This bush went to third flowering, but alas - did not have time ... (October)
  • Watering reduce, but continue to spray the soil while maintaining a small humidity. Rearrange the pots under the bathroom or sink. Petunia is going to grow in February. Do not want to dig out, cut the cuttings in September-October and, rooting in water , Put in a loose substrate in the cups until spring.

Prevention of disease

  • "Black leg" - more often occurs in seedlings with high humidity and low temperature. Observe the temperature regime - Petunia of the heat-loving. Do not pour seedlings, do not fall on the leaves, which bend, rot on the soil, spray the phytosporin solution, as described above.
  • Puffy dew - appears with high humidity, long-term cloudy weather, re-securing fertilizers. It will help to use the appropriate fungicide, for example, topaz or folk remedy with soda .
Photo for example - Petunia - re-blossom without pinching of shoots. In our climate, re-blossoms fall on August and pinching can lead to the fact that bloom will move on September, when frosts are not uncomplicated
Photo for example - Petunia - re-blossom without pinching of shoots. In our climate, re-blossoms fall on August and pinching can lead to the fact that bloom will move on September, when frosts are not uncomplicated
  • Chlorosis of Petunia - often manifests itself on sour soils and with a lack of iron, visible immediately through pale green leaves with dark streaks. In prophylactic purposes, spray the bustard in the spring at the beginning of the growth of the preparation of ferovit - this is a liquid form of iron chelate - 1 ml. / 1 ​​liters. Water adding a couple of drops of zircon to it. Spraying can be repeated a week after disembarking in OG.

Pestunia pests

TLLA, CULT COG And snails with slugs are the most aggressive pests of Petunia.

In the photo: Petunia - Samos - it often happens with simple varieties of petunia, they germinate themselves after winter and no illness, nor even pests are not terrible
In the photo: Petunia - Samos - it often happens with simple varieties of petunia, they germinate themselves after winter and no illness, nor even pests are not terrible
  • Against all sucking insects, I use the biological preparations of the intestinal contact action Fatver or Akarin according to the instructions (usually, 2 ml. / 1 ​​liter. water). Sometimes one or two spraying. Opponents of drugs can take advantage of folk remedies, for example, deal with plants that scare or vice versa attracting more pest attention to themselves .
  • I scroll against the slugs around the petunition (and at the same time the hosts) a mixture of burning peppers, mustard, tobacco and ash. It helps, but it is necessary to periodically repeat the procedure. You can scatter a large salt, but then the soil is arranged. And can I. fine-pushed egg shell Use, but it uses it more often like fertilizer for vegetable crops. It is still well helps mulching pine and fir bumps.

Collection of seeds

Some species and varieties of Petunia do not give seeds, especially hybrids, among them fringe, pionic, etc. But if you were lucky enough to see a seed box, then check - it can be empty.

So that the bustice retains his decorativeness, leave only a few faded buds and somewhere in the background
So that the bustice retains his decorativeness, leave only a few faded buds and somewhere in the background

Petunia is very spectacular flowers, so they want to grow every year. But for one vase or flower beds (the size of the wheel from the car) you need just a couple of plants. Therefore, it is not necessary to force all the windowsill, there are 10-12 pieces of two different groups. And if you need more, you can get additional plants in the process of spring segments of the stretched stems. Everyone The cutlets are perfectly rooted simply in water .

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: Growing Petunia

Petunia occupies an honorable place on household plots, due to attractive appearance, long blossom, a huge selection of varieties. Some prefer to buy prepared seedlings, and someone grows on their own. And this is even in force inexperienced gardeners.

In the middle lane of Russia, seeds of Petunia seeds can be started from the second half of February, especially if you have the opportunity to heal the seedlings. If you are not going to use the backlight and your windows come out on the north side, sowing at the end of February - early March. During this period, the day is already quite long, and seedlings will be provided with the necessary amount of light.

Step 1. Preparation of capacity and soil selection

Petunia cultivationPetunia cultivation

The preparation of the soil should be treated very carefully. If you have not prepared the land for the seedlings in advance, in the summer or in the fall, then in February you will not do this and you will have to buy ready-made soil. It should be nutritious, light, loose, moisture, with neutral acidity. The advantage of the shop soil is that there are no pathogenic microorganisms that can be in the ground from our garden. In addition, the finished primer contains a complete set of nutrients (macro and trace elements) necessary for the full growth and development of plants.

Prepare for sowing seed small containers. Make sure that they have holes for outflow of excess water. Put the containers in the pallet and fill them with the ground. Moisten the ground from the pulverizer or watering can.

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Step 2. Sowing seeds

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Choosing petunia seeds, learn the expiration date, pay attention to the number of seeds in the pack. Since not all seeds go well, buy them with a margin.

As you know, the seeds of Petunia are very small, and it is not easy to sow them. If you bought seeds that are not covered with a nutrient shell, you can sow them by stirring with sand. Among the flower flows is also popular with seeds of petunias on a layer of snow, which is tightly stacked in the container with Earth. If you decide to use this way, it is not necessary to water the soil: the snow that melted will moisturize it enough.

Petunia cultivationPetunia cultivation

Many gardeners prefer the projected seeds, because they are easier to heigh. Each seed can be carefully taking a thin tweeze and put in the ground. Sometimes the nutritional shell, in contact with the damp surface, is immediately crumbling. But seeds are found in a very dense shell, which subsequently need to moisturize from the pulverizer until the moment of germination.

Petunia cultivationPetunia cultivation

After sowing, the seeds of Petunia do not need to sprinkle soil. Cover the container with a transparent lid and put it in a warm and bright place. Before the appearance of sowing seedlings should be at a temperature of 23-25 ​​° C.

Step 3. Care for seedlings

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Petunia shoots should appear within 7-14 days. During this period, do not allow a dryness, nor the mooring of the soil. Too much moisture is dangerous in that shoots may die from the appearance of fungus - black legs. When the seedy leaves are revealed, open the cover, and after a few days, remove completely.

Provide a sufficient amount of light: in the first days of growth, lighting can be almost round the clock, in the further plant there will be enough 12-hour daylight day. Organize seedlings backlight. So that the plants are not pulled out, after the present leaflet appears, the temperature can be reduced to 19-20 ° C during the day and 14-16 ° C at night.

Step 4. Watering shoots

Petunia cultivationPetunia cultivation

Petunia shoots are very gentle. Therefore, they need to be poured carefully. For this purpose, you can use a syringe that allows you to drip water directly to the roots. Water for watering should be room temperature, stunned, without chlorine. When seedlings grow up, it will be possible to water it through the pallet. The best time for watering plants - morning.

Step 5. First feeding

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After the appearance of these leaves, swipe the root feeder of seedlings with a complex organinery fertilizer. Liquid fertilizer use much easier. Distribute it according to the instructions with an estate water. In order to type the desired amount of fertilizer, use the syringe.

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In the future, feed the seedlings with an interval of 7-10 days.

Step 6. Picking seedlings

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The root system in Petunia seedlings is developing quite quickly. Therefore, it is not worth tightening with the picking. It is proceeded when the seedlings will have 2-3 real leaves.

Petunia cultivationPetunia cultivation

Prepare for each plant a separate cup, make a hole in the bottom. Fill the tank with soil, water and make a small recess in the center. A few hours before picking, pick up the seedlings. Then a small spoon or a narrow spatula neatly, so as not to damage the roots, remove the seeding together with the land of the earth and transfer it to the prepared cup.

During the dive, the seedlines can not be plugged into the ground. They must be above the surface of the soil.

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Two weeks after the diver, adopt the seedlings with a complex fertilizer. When a bush grows up, plug on top into a glass of a small layer of soil.

Step 7. Picture

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To bust a petunia to be lush and beautiful, it must be quenched. The september is called the removal of the upper part of the escape - the point of growth. This procedure will allow Petunia faster to form new shoots and buds.

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Before entering the scissors, you must definitely be disinfected in order not to submit an infection.

The first pieceing is made when 5-6 real leaves appear on the plant and its height will be at least 8 cm (ampeline petunia is pinched when the bush reaches 10 cm). Crop the escape over the fifth sheet, close to its base. The september is better to make a slightly diagonal, and not strictly across the stem. After the segments, the plant needs to be filled with a complex fertilizer.

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After 20-30 days, when Petunia's side shoots begin to stretch, the second sequinch should be held. Cut tops can be used for breeding. For this cutlets are placed in water or fertile soil, covering above transparent capacity. When the roots appear on the cuttings, they need to put on a permanent place.

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Plant seedlings in the ground when the danger of frosts. So that bushes please you with lush flowering all summer, do not forget to feed them and pinch the shoots.

Petunia is perhaps one of the most beautiful and unpretentious annual flower crops.

Only she has such a stunning variety of shapes and colors and is capable of several species of one decorative monoculture to decorate any garden or country site, a city court or a balcony, a loggia, just a visor over the entrance.

In Europe, these are the most popular flowers for creating a home and street decor.

There are widely used by the three of its most common species - ampel Cascade и bush which is distinguished by a huge variety of newest varieties (large-flowered flowers - "gramophilics", a diameter of up to 20 cm) and flowering duration from May to October.

Motherland Petunia - South America, from where at the end of the XVIII century she fell into Europe and unusually interested interested scholars of breeders of France, England, Holland, Belgium and other European countries.

They managed to remove many amazing multicolor, large-flowered varieties, primarily ampel, which were decorated at home and balconies of urban homes.

Very active over the selection of Petunia worked scientists from the United States. They were more attracted by bush and cascading types of petunitions.

In the middle of the last century, Petunia literally "broke" to the Russian market and for several years flooded amateur flower beds in garden and household sections.

To date, this is the most popular annual flower in the garden of any Russian flowerflower.

Petunia is very unpretentious, but there are a number of characteristic features, without knowing it is quite difficult to grow, especially at the first stage.

In this article we will tell you how to grow petunia, so that she pleases you with their bright, lush flowering from the end of spring to late autumn.

In addition, we will advise you the most fashionable and beautiful varieties of this truly delightful beauty!

How to grow petunia: some biological features

You probably will be very surprised when you find out that this beautiful flower is a relative of potatoes, peppers and tomatoes, as it belongs to the same family - Polenic.

In Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil and other warm countries in South America, Petunia are perennial bushes that can reach a height of 10 m.

But in the northern countries, where in the winter the whole of their above-ground part is dying annually, in the open ground they can grow only as annuals.

In our climate, Petunia do not exceed 1.0 - 1.5 m (ampel and cascade). White grades, as a rule, do not grow above 80 cm.

New-fashioned petunia varieties can be represented and adding. Their stems are very branched. The following shoots are formed in their developments. This process continues until the onset of sustainable autumn cold.

Such varieties can be grown as ampel in vases, or as soil, creating a bright flower carpet, in which the flowers are much larger than the leaves.

In Petunia, however, as in all southern plants - a stretched season of vegetation, so we are grown only through seedlings, living seeds simultaneously with peppers, eggplants and celery root in late February - early March.

How to grow seedlings from seeds

This is perhaps the most responsible stage in Petunia Agrotechnology, requiring attention and great accuracy.

The fact is that the shoots of this plant are similar to tiny blades, which can be easily taken for weeds and, if you do not know this feature of the culture, calmly strain and throw away.

You should remember this!

The rest of the care of the sediment is not difficult.

If you want to create a stunning flower garden from Petunia - grow them from high-quality seeds, and do not buy a finished seedlings, which, besides, can be a patient or infected with trips.

Sowing. It has long been in the past time-consuming method of growing petunition in boxes with a specially prepared excavation mixture. It is much faster and more convenient to use ready-made peat tablets for this, with a diameter of 4.5 cm.

They can be bought in any specialized store. Before sowing peat pills, immerse in water so that they are splashing and increased in volume.

Prepared tablets install in a plastic tray with sufficiently high edges. Seeds soak half an hour in a small outlet in a solution of "zircon" (2 drops on a tablespoon of water).

For soaking and irrigation, it is better to take melting water cooked in advance from the snow. In general, if you grow seedlings, you need to have a whole bucket of melted snow on the balcony for soaking seeds and watering plants.

In each tablet with the help of a conventional dry match, to which the wedgeous seed of Petunia will stick, put one, slightly pressing it into the ground (note that the seed is very small). Then pick up your crops from a pipette or 3 gram syringe. So they will faster.

After planting a tray with crops, cover the film from above and put in a well-lit room with an air temperature + 24 ... + 25 degrees.

You can sow petunias to seedlings and in cassettes, filing them with the finished soil for growing floral crops with a neutral soil reaction.

The diameter of one cell cassette must be quite large (at least 8 cm). Cassettes are also put in the tray and covered with a film.

The first shoots will appear a week later. After that, the film will need to be shot twice a day for 30 minutes for venting and irrigation.

The first two weeks are thin milks shoots will grow very slowly, because at this time the root system is actively formed.

Do not forget about the backlight. Until the end of March, seedlings of Petunia should be covered 16 - 18 hours a day!

Ideally in the morning, turn on the backlight at 6 o'clock, and in the evening turn off at 23 o'clock. Then the seedlings will be healthy and strong.

Care . Since petunia seedlings are very small, watering them best from the syringe, drip. But do not cease, otherwise the rabid can be dried. There are enough three irons per week. At the same time, follow the land to do not drive.

Film from the tray is removed two weeks after the appearance of germs.

Fertilizers start to enter when plants will appear three real sheets. Very good petunias responsive to urea and "crystallon" (the settings are indicated on the label). Fertilizers contribute twice a week with irrigation water.

Since April, there has already been grown upside seedlings of Petunia give some ready-made mineral complex for spring flickering floral crops.

Two weeks before the transplantation to the open ground, the seedlings begin to temper. To do this, in warm sunny days, trays are put on an open balcony or loggia. First one hour. And then every day adding 30 minutes and reaching until 5 hours a day.

How to grow petunia from seedlings in open soil

Transplant seedlings in the ground

Transplant periods . At the flower beds, Petunia seedlings are planted after May 15 - 20 (on the weather), when the air temperature is set at + 20 degrees.

In the first 10 days above the plants, you can set arcs and cover them overnight for the night with a film or nonwoven underfloor material from recurring spring frosts that may arise until May 25 - 27.

Choosing a place . Petunia loves the sun. Therefore, it is necessary to plant it on well-lit places protected from wind.

Soil, she needs fertile, loose, well permeable with a neutral reaction.

Landing . Planting seedlings on the flower beds is better in the evening or in cloudy weather. The root system is shallow, so the wells are digging with a diameter and a depth of 12 - 15 cm.

The distance between the plants depends on the type of petunia. Between large-flowered varieties, 25 - 30 cm are left, ampel - 30 - 35cm, bush - 40 cm.

When preparing flower beds per quarter. m contribute: 2 buckets of humus or compost, sand bucket, half of the bucket of wood ash, 2 tbsp. Spoons of double superphosphate and 1.5 tbsp. spoons of potassium sulfate. On acidic soils add another 1.5 cups of dolomite flour.

After planting Petunia, very well watered and the flower leaf is mulched by peat crumbs or hay.

During the first 2 - 3 days after planting, the plants are dialed with old sheets or a white underfloor material.

If you want to decorate your plot with ampeline petunias in pots or vases remember that their volume should be at least 6 liters per plant!

Watering . Petunia is quite moisture. It is necessary to water it in the weather, but not less than 2 times a week. In hot weather, watering can be carried out daily.

It is very important that the water does not get on the flowers, so try to carefully water the root plants. Water better with warm water in the morning or in the evening.

Forming . In order for petunias to grow in different directions and gave many flowers, pinch young plants over the fifth intersception. From there, new shoots will go, which are also desirable to quit.

The blurred flowers should be carefully removed, then bloom will be more lush and long.

Fertilizers . Petunia needs many nutrients to form powerful bushes and new flowers, so they fertilize it regularly. In May, June and mid-July, bushes are feeding with a solution of dunglazhi (at a concentration of 1:10).

In July and August, plants give any phosphorus-potash fertilizers.

That's all the tricks! Now you know how to grow petunia on your site. It remains only to choose the most fashionable and beautiful varieties.

The best varieties of petunia from our collection

Our company has been practicing new varieties of all types of petunia for many years. During this time, we managed to create truly unique and, perhaps, one of the most complete collections of varieties of this wonderful culture.

We offer you our best varieties that have repeatedly occupied prizes in many international competitions and exhibitions.

Our sets of petunia seeds:

Summer starry, strawberry wine, frost, Dreams Burgundy, Dreams Corral Morning, Dreams Bright Set, Duddy Set Filigree, Ez Rider, Double Cascade Set Waterville, Double Bonanza Colored Set, Colored Carpet, Celebrity Set Niagara Falls, Celebrity Set of Sky Over Desert.

Our leaders of large-flowered petunitions

Blue Limbo, excellent white, excellent burgundy, excellent black triumph, ampel carmine, petunia-Surphinia salmon, Violet Violet Diamond, Duddy Mint, Duddy Blue, Dreams Apple Color, Bravo Purple Star,

Dreams White, Kankan Burgundy, Galaxy Red, Sophisticatics Blue Morning, Dreams Pink Picotie, Dreams Red Picotie, Sophistic Lyme Bicolor.

Petunia terry

Valentine, Double Piroet Red, Duv Puruett Purpur, Duo Burgundy, Duo Red, Duo Blue, Duo Pink and White, Duo Lavender.

Petunia Multicelline

Kaliffo Red Picotie, Kaliffo Blue Squeezing, Morning Red, Celebrity Burgundy Frost, Marika, Debronear Black Cherry, Kapit Blue Star.

Petunia baked

Aphrodite White, Salmon Aphrodite, Cut from Yaromner.

Petunia can be called an indisputable favorite among the annual plants adorning the garden. You can find a wide selection of all kinds of varieties with simple and terry, small and large flowers. Each year, breeders offer subsidiaries of new items with improved varietal characteristics. Previous seedlings are expensive, so many gardeners prefer to make sowing at home. This event will definitely be successful if you perform all the steps of growing seedlings.

When sow petunia seeds to seedlings: optimal deadlines

When sow petunia seeds to seedlings: optimal deadlinesPetunia in our climate is always grown by a seaside, since this plant has a long season of vegetation. If we make sowing directly into the soil when the weather is allowed, then the flowering period will be completely short. A seaside process of cultivation allows you to get flowering petunia copies much earlier.

In addition, independent sowing avoids the auction, at home there is an opportunity to disinfect seeds and ensure the health of young seedlings. Taking into account climatic differences in the regions of sowing in each area are carried out in their terms:

  1. In the middle lane and the suburbs Petunia seeds are planted for seedlings during February. For the southern windows, sowing is carried out at the beginning of the month, for the northern windowsons it makes it closer to the end of February.
  2. Residents Urals You can proceed to sowing Petunia in the middle of March. If you do it in an earlier time, seedlings can grow.
  3. In Siberia It is possible to search for culture a week later than these residents of the Ural region do. Siberian summer is warm, but it comes later than in other climatic zones.
  4. In the Leningrad region A favorable time for sowing will be the end of February. Work can be carried out in early March. In this case, gardeners can be guaranteed to get a strong and healthy seedlings at the time of the petunia landing on the flowerbed.

Choosing a sowing date, we recommend to take into account favorable and unfavorable days on the lunar calendar. Petunia refers to those plants whose seeding needs to be carried out on the growing moon.

Preparatory work before sowing

First you need to decide which kind of petunia variety you need. If it difficult to choose from choosing, you can always contact the seller - a consultant who will help you not get lost in the variety of petunition varieties and choose that species that is perfect for you.

How to choose seeds

How to choose seedsFirst of all, pay attention to the date of release of the seed specified on the package. Culture quickly loses its germination, so it is better not to acquire seed material, whose shelf life expires. If you have the manufacturer to whom you trust, prefer this brand.

In addition, it is necessary to take into account the method of growing plants. Cascade and ampels are suitable for suspended cespets, and for planting on the flowerbed - bushes. If you wish to get abundant bloom, it is better to stay on petunias of a group of multiflora or surfins.

Those who amazed the extraordinary size of flowers is worth paying attention to large-flowered terry varieties. When combined landings, the color of the petunia has a value. When choosing a variety, consider how plants will be combined in color schemes with other annuals planted nearby.

Popular varieties

In their varietal signs, all petunias are divided into four main groups:

  • Grandiflora (large-flowered);
  • Multiflora (multi-flower);
  • Floribunda;
  • Ampel.

Large-flowered petunia The inflorescences diameter reaches 7-10 cm, the flowers can be both simple and terry. The number of buds on one plant is small.

From popular varieties you can select "Purple Pirouette", "Hit-parade", "Picotics".

Large-flowered petunia
Purple Pirouet

Multi-flower petunia Different with abundant bloom. In size, the flowers are small, their diameter is 5-7 cm. The plants of this group are wicked early. Flowering lasts to the most frosts. In the care of petunias unpretentious. This variety is often used in large mixlers.

Bright representatives of the group - "Plamkrystalz", "Mirage", "Fantasy".

Multi-flower petunia
Mirage

To the Floribund group These petunias occupy an intermediate position between the grandfall and multiflorine. This species looks good only in group landings. Floribund is resistant to adverse environmental impacts.

Popular representatives of this group are "Celabriti", Sonya Burgund.

Petunia Floribunda
Ceboribriti.

To ampel (garden) group These are plants producing long shoots. These petunias are perfect for growing in balconies and terraces. This varietary group in turn is divided into subgroups (Surphinia, Tombline, Copter), differing among themselves the flower diameter.

Among the ampel petunitions are the most famous - "Jocona", "Izi Vave", "Lavina".

Ampel Petunia
Ishi Vave Silver

Growing petunia from seeds at home: step-by-step instruction

With independent cultivation of Petunia seedlings, you can choose any convenient way of sowing. If before that you have already tried to sow seeds, but you have suffered a failure, try to do it in any other method, perhaps it is suitable for you more.

Selection of petunia

Each of the methods of sowing seeds Petunia has its pros and cons. You can experiment and choose for yourself the most convenient option.

In peat tablets

In peat tablets

Peat tablets are made of pressed peat. Outside, they have a tight mesh shell, helping to keep the shape, passing the moisture and air. The use of peat tablets allows you to do without additional packaging, save space on the windowsill. With this method of growing roots of plants, the necessary moisture, air and food are obtained. Saves space on the windowsill.

Sowing:

  • Before sowing, the tablets are folded into the general container and poured with incentive warm water;
  • After half an hour, there will be a swelling of the tablets if they seem insufficiently moistened, you can pour some more water, excessive moisture merge;
  • In each tablet, it is planted at one seedly, the seeds are convenient to rise in a moistened toothpick;
  • After that, the container is covered with a transparent lid or film;
  • Draised seeds before sowing should be moistened, pinning water on them.

By cons of the method, the rapid drying of the container can be attributed, which implies constant control over humidity level and rather frequent watering.

In addition, the acidity of the peat may not be suitable for growing petunition. Previously, measure the acidity indicator with the help of Lacmus. The disadvantage can be considered and the high cost of peat tablets. It is advisable to use them when growing dued seeds or rare varieties.

Seedling petunia in peat tablets - quickly and easy: video

Mixing Petunia Seeds with Sand

Mixing with sand allows you to evenly distribute the petunia seeds along the surface of the soil, which is the main advantage of this method. It is used for sowing in a common container.

The course of sowing work:

  • The container is filled with moistened loose ground;
  • Petunia seeds are poured on a saucer with a small amount of pure crystal sand and stirred with a wooden stick;
  • Then, the sand and seed mixture is evenly distributed over the soil surface in the container;
  • At the last stage, crops spray with warm water from the sprayer and cover with a glass or film container.

The disadvantage of the method is preliminary sand preparation. It must be sifted by removing foreign impurities, and then rolling or shed a hot heatman and dry. So that sowing was uniform, skill is needed.

Sowing Petunia on Snow

Sowing on the snowWhen sowing on the snow, the seeds are clearly visible on a white background, so they can be distributed to the toothpick more evenly. This method does not require additional irrigation, which melted the snow will take the seed material on the desired depth. Sowing method on snow looks the most simple:

  • The container falls asleep with loose fertile soil and roll up;
  • top layer layer of snow with a thickness of 1-1.5 cm;
  • On the surface of the snowy mass distribute seeds;
  • From above, the container is covered with a transparent lid.

There is no minuses this method, but it is necessary to act organized and quickly. Bringing snow from the street, immediately begin to sow, until the process of melting began.

Sowing in the cassette

The advantage of using a cruste for sowing is the lack of need to pick up. Each plant will initially occupy an individual container. This method is ideal for planting the dried seeds. If it is supposed to sow ordinary seed material, use a wet toothpick, with which the seed is transferred to the cassette.

Sowing process:

  • so that petunia seeds are better visible, they are poured on a sheet of white paper;
  • Cassettes are filled with loose wet soil and slightly seal;
  • With the help of a wet toothpick, the seed is transferred to the center of the cup and pressed against the ground, it is possible to shake it with the help of a second toothpick;
  • After sowing, the seeds are slightly sprinkled with soil and spray from the sprayer;
  • The transparent plastic bag is worn from above.

This method of sowing is quite painstaking and will require more time. The level of humidity in the cassettes will need to be controlled more often, because the volume of the Earth is small.

In snail

Growing petunia from seeds in snail

Sowing snail - a relatively new way to planting seeds. Use it for the cultivation of seedlings of petunition. In the snail, seedlings can develop before transplanting to a permanent place, the roots of the plants with this method of cultivation are not twisted. Seeders are extracting very easily, you just need to expand the snail. A convolution takes up little space on the windowsill, the seedy is easy to care for.

Sowing step by step:

  • On the table lay the tape from the substrate under the laminate with a length of 25 cm;
  • It is placed on top of the lane of the toilet paper;
  • paper is slightly moistened from the sprayer;
  • Along the upper edge of the snail lay out seeds, retreating 1 cm from the top, the interval between seeds should be 1-2 cm;
  • On top of the seeds, a smooth strip is laid out a soil with a thickness of about 1 cm and slightly seal;
  • over the soil again put toilet paper and spray from a sprayer;
  • Now the snail can be collapsed and fixed by the stationery;
  • After that, the bundle put in the container, the seeds should be on top;
  • Polyethylene package is put on the multi-layer design.

Of the minuses of the method, it is possible to note possible extrusion of seedlings and the formation of weaker roots.

With too thick planting plants may not be enough light.

In boiling water

Gardeners argue that with this method of growing seedlings, success is guaranteed. The advantages of the methods are that even nonstable seeds take advantage of it. For landing, it is recommended to use a coconut substrate.

Step-by-step sowing process:

  • The container is filled with the substrate, decompose on the surface of the seeds and shed just that the boiling water;
  • Capacity is immediately closed with a lid and additionally wrapped in a towel or newspaper;
  • After 24 hours, the wrapper is removed, the container under the transparent lid put in a warm place.

To the disadvantages of the method, some include its extreme and are not solved to make sowing in this way. However, it can be done as an experiment in parallel using another sowing method.

Caring for a young seedler

Caring for a young seedlerBefore the appearance of seedlings, Petunia seedlings contain under the shelter at a temperature of 23-25 ​​° C. On average, shoots appear after 2 weeks. After that, seedlings need to ensure optimal conditions for development and growth.

Lighting

With early sowing in February, Petunia will need additional backlight. It is best to use a special phytolamppace to make plants. The lamp is installed at a distance of 20 cm from the seedlings.

You can also use fluorescent lamps or daylight lamps. From mid-March, additional lighting can not be used. The seedlings are rearranged to the most illuminated place, intense from the midday sunlight.

Watering mode

Watering modeCulture requires moderate but regular irrigation. Excessive humidity can provoke the appearance of a black leg, and during the lack of water, the seedlings just dried out. It is better to water petunia often, but gradually, avoiding water from entering the leaves.

For irrigation, the indental water of room temperature is used. Very tiny seedlings are water drip, using syringe, pipette or fringe. Only emerging gears are moisturizing daily, at one age, watering should become more rare - three times a week.

Picking

PickingPicking petunia after the appearance of the first pair of real leaves. Work requires delicacy, since the roots of plants are very fragile. A wooden wand is used as a utility tool. On the eve of the day of the dive, the seedlings are watered.

Seedlings carefully come up with a wand and remove with the ground, after which they transplanted into individual containers. The new pots should not be too big, in the bottom it is not necessary to make holes for the flow of excess water.

Than to feed the seedlings of petunia for growth

For good growth, young petunias need a lot of nutrients. In order for the seedlings normally developed, in the first 2 weeks after the appearance of germs periodically spend a spraying solution of manganese. At the stage of the appearance of 3 or 4 of the present, the leaf into the ground is made of feeding in the form of a solution of a yellow "crystal" (0.5 tbsp. Spoons on 5 liters of water).

Undercabe seedlings PetuniaIf there are many seedlings, it is possible to simplify the feeder by spending a spraying on the sheet. In this case, fertilizer is also easily learned. At this stage of development, you can feed the petunia and the fertilizer of the "Uniflora", alternating the root and extractive method of making. The feeder is spent once a week.

14 days after the recording produced, the seedlings are feeding with fertilizer for root growth. For this purpose, drugs are used:

  • "Kemira Lux";
  • "Rasinarin";
  • "Plantafol";
  • "Aquarin".

The solution is prepared in accurately according to the attached instruction. If you are sure as the soil used for landing, the feeding can be cut or not to spend them at all before the petunia landing into the ground. The guide for you should be the appearance of young plants.

Read more In the article: Seedling Petunia, feeding for growth

Pickling and formation of seedlings

Pinunia's capita contributes to its further magnificent blossom, as it does not give to stretch the stems and stimulate branching. Start the formation when the seedlings begin to stretch. On plants, at this point should be at least 2-3 pairs of real leaves. Typically, the procedure is carried out after dive or disembarking into open ground. During the pinching at the central stem, carefully tear off the top.

Pages and formation of seedlings of petunia

Possible errors in the cultivation of seedlings of petunia

Newbies can allow a number of errors when growing petunia seedlings. As a result, there is plenty of poor quality or seedlings die.

Main errors:

  • Buying old seeds - you can not get seedlings at all;
  • Early shelter removal, the film is cleaned with a greenhouse after the appearance of the first 2 present leaves;
  • The lack of pinching - in the end there will be very scanty flowering;
  • Excess water - often leads to the appearance of fungal diseases;
  • The lack of feeding - seedlings are fed by complex mineral fertilizer, starting to do it 2 weeks after dive.

Only getting everything necessary for its growth, seedling petunia will grow strong and healthy. If you use your own seeds, do not forget to move them before sowing.

When and how to transplant the seedlings of Petunia to a permanent place

When and how to transplant the seedlings of Petunia to a permanent placePetunia refers to thermal-loving plants, so the seedlings can be planted on the flowerbed only after the end of the threat of return freezers. In the middle lane, these works are carried out in the second half of May. Terms of disembarkation are adjusted depending on the region.

The transplant should be carried out on a cloudy day or in the evening when the sun shines not so bright. Pre-soil prepare - loose, fertilize, moisturizes. The landing scheme depends on the variety of the plant.

The interval between the instances of large-flowered petunia should be at least 25 cm, the bushes of a multi-scale variety are planted at a distance of 15 cm from each other. Ampel petunia requires a more free landing - she needs an interval of at least 30 cm. The seedlings carefully remove from the pots and transplanted into the wells. After planting, the plants are watered, then placed the mulching layer (peat or humid).

How to achieve lush flowering petunia: tips

How to achieve lush flowering petunia: tipsPetunia blossoms are very affected by the quality of seedlings. Strong and healthy seedlings are quickly adapted in a new place, weak plants are longer ones and need additional care. A considerable role as flowering is the feeder and soil volume. Soil must be fertilized.

On one plant should have 4.5-5 liters of earth. With a thick landing in the meager soil, plants will not be blossom, they will begin to compete for survival.

Too dense soil will not give fully evaporated roots. Growing petunia in heavy soil, breakdowns (peat, sand, vermiculite) are added.

Flowering petunias must be fed every 7-10 days, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers. The feeders are entered only after watering into wet land. For good flowering, it is recommended to filter a petunia at the beginning of the growth of humic fertilizer solutions twice.

With overvoltage of the sun, the summer flower flashes. It is better to plant a plant where intensive lighting is available only in the first or afternoon. So that the bushes have discarded new buds, be sure to remove the shrouded flowers.

How to grow seedlings of petunia at home, all techniques for good development of the plant - video

It is from the quality of seedlings in many respects the further flowering of petunia depends, so the seedlings and further care of seedlings should be approached with full responsibility. The cultivation of the flower will bring a lot of trouble, but will give and no less joy.

See also:

How to sow petunia on seedlings?

Among the wide variety of flowering Petunia plants is one of the most beloved in flower water. It is widely used to decorate flower beds and flower beds. This is explained by her colorful and long blossom. But for the successful cultivation of Petunia in the ground, you need to know how to grow it to the seedlings.

Dates of landing

The main method of cultivation of Petunia is a seaside method. If it is driving it directly into the soil, depending on its variety it will bloom only at the end of summer, that is, 2-3 months after shooting seeds. Therefore, it is recommended to sow it on the seedlings and do it in advance.

It is possible to transplanten the grown seedlings to a permanent place to the ground only after the onset of stable heat and in the absence of a threat of frosts, since at temperatures below zero, the plant dies. Petunia seeds are distinguished by extremely small dimensions, so it is necessary for their germination.

Dates of planting a flower on seedlings depend on many factors. First of all, this is the desired flowering time. In order for Petunia to bloom in May, it is necessary to plant it in January. Petunia, planted in February-March, blooms in the summer.

The variety and types of plants also affect the dates of landing. Petunia is ampel and cascade plant for 2 weeks earlier, as it takes germination slower and the development of long shoots also requires a longer time. Petunia Makhrovaya is sisted in the first days of February. The crops of small and large-flowered bush petunias are proceeding from February 15 and put it until the end of the month. It takes from 2 to 2.5 months of growth before flowering.

The quality of seeds also has an important meaning. It is advisable to acquire seeds from proven manufacturers. One of these manufacturers is Pan American. In addition to the name of the variety and its brief description, the optimal duration of the disembarkation is also indicated on the packaging from Pan American. They must be adhered to.

Landing deadlines are determined by several factors.

Depending on the region

Climatic conditions have a great influence on the timing of seed landing on seedlings, since spring in different regions occurs in different ways. Seying seeds in seedlings are needed with such a calculation so as to the time of landing in the soil flower developed well, formed a bush with a sufficient number of full-fledged leaves and, possibly, even buds. This requires from 2.5 to 3 months. In the flowerbed, seedlings are planted after the establishment of heat when there is no frost threat.

For the middle strip of Russia and the Moscow region, the most optimal month for Sea Seed is February. Petunia's bush grade seeds are best planted in the last decade of February and until March 15. Ampel varieties - from 1 half and until the end of February.

Before May, plants are well formed and seedlings can be planted in open soil.

The climate of the Leningrad region is somewhat severe, the heat here comes only in June. Therefore, the seeds of ampel petunia should be sowed from the 15th and until the end of February, and the bush - in March or in the first days of April. In the soil, seedlings can be planted from the first numbers of June.

In the Urals and in Siberia, warm weather is also installed later, therefore the timing of seedling seedlings into open ground is moved to the end of May - the first decade of June. To grow seedlings by this time, seed seed in the second decade of March. Earlier sowing will result in developing shoots, therefore, seedlings landed in the soil will take long time.

In the Volga region, sitting seed seeds are almost the same as in the suburbs, that is, this is the last decade of February, but no later than March 15. But in warmer areas of the Volga region, seeds can be spent somewhat earlier (about 7 days).

The warm climate of the south of Russia allows you to expand the temporary period of seed landing on seedlings. You can sow at any month and even in January.

On the lunar calendar

Planting seeds and seeding seedlings in the soil in the lunar calendar, where the most favorable days for Seva are indicated. They enjoy many gardeners and gardeners. For Petunia, the best time for landing corresponds to the finding of the Moon in such constellations as Capricorn, Aquarius, Fish, Taurus and Gemini.

All subsequent actions for the cultivation of Petunia (Picking, feeding, landing in the open soil) are not recommended during new moon and full moon, including the next 12 hours before the onset and after the end of these lunar phases.

By manufacturer

On sachets with seeds manufacturers indicate the minimum necessary information. In addition to the name of the variety and its description, it is primarily given information on the conditions of cultivation, the time of planting seeds to seedlings and transplant periods into the open soil.

The exact dates are not called, limited to only the indication of months: for the seed landing, February and March are called, and for transplanting it into the soil - May and June. Depending on the type of petunitions, such deadlines can be recommended: for ampel petunitions - January, and for the petunition of a dwarf species - February-March.

Such a definition of terms involves taking into account the climatic features of this region and the recommendations of the lunar calendar.

Preparation

A characteristic feature of petunia is its extremely small seeds - in the range of 0.2-0.5 mm. This creates certain difficulties when landing. However, there is such a kind of seeds as the dued or granulated seeds. Each of the seeds has a special coating - a shell containing nutrient elements that have a beneficial effect on the growth of the plant.

When landing it is better to use such seeds, since this is the easiest way to planting colors. The package contains the instruction in which the necessary optimal seed storage temperature is indicated, as well as the conditions for their successful germination. They are able to support the constant humidity of the soil to ensure the dissolution of the shell and further germination of the seed.

In addition, the manufacturer must be indicated on the package, the expiration date, the name of the variety and the period of flowering, as well as the size of the adult bush.

Selection and preparation of seeds

Seed selection has an important meaning. First of all, before buying, you need to decide on the type and variety of the flower. There is a huge amount with a variety of colorful and shape of the bush. When choosing a variety, the place of future plant growing is taken into account.

In open soil, it is better to grow large and multi-flowered varieties of petunias of the bush type - "Fantues", "Mirage", "Sharm", "Polanis" and others. For growing in plates and vases, small-bedroom varieties will be most suitable, and dwarfs are used for the design of borders. Ampel and cascade species are used to decorate flower (mini-petunia), arbors and veranda, fence and balconies, arches.

Seeds should be high quality and match the expiration date. Overdue seeds or with expiring shelf life can be very low. There are a large number of manufacturers of seed products, but not all the quality of seed meets the requirements. Therefore, it is recommended to acquire seeds with proven manufacturers.

According to the reviews of flower products, such firms produce high-quality products.

  • Agrofirm "Search" produces seeds both for amateur cultivation and professional for agricultural producers or farms.

  • The company "Russian Garden" is popular with its "Russian Size" series. Flowers of this series are distinguished by large sizes.

  • "Aelita", "Gavrish" and "Sedeks" - these firms are widely known and popular with consumers and are sales leaders.

But those flowers who annually grow petunia prefer to collect seeds on their own. Their collection must be carried out in dry weather and cut only dark with cracks, but not opened seed boxes.

Before planting seeds must be prepared. Usually preparation is to conduct stratification. It is carried out in this way: wet sand is placed in the container and the seeds of petunia are distributed on its surface. The container is then covered with polyethylene, put in the refrigerator and hold about 2 months. Periodically, the sand is watered.

The film can be removed at the end of the deadline when the container is taken from the refrigerator. Stratification is usually carried out if the seeds were collected independently. Acquired seeds can not be subjected to such a procedure.

Some flower trees check seeds for germination. To do this, gauze (or bandage) is wetted with a light-pink solution of manganese and placed seeds on it. About a week later, they must go.

You can sow petunia, if such seeds are more than half, but the amount needs to be increased. When determining the duration of such seeds, it is necessary to include the entire period of which are in a wet environment, and not just a day when the seeds are sowing into the soil.

Soil and capacity

A suitable soil is necessary for the successful germination of seedlings. For petunias required loose fine-grained earth. In the nutritional indicator, it can be an average level, and the acidity of the soil or low, or neutral. Such types of soil are considered optimal for the plant: sand-and-linous, sublinous or sandy-clay.

Usually use ready-made special soil for floral seedlings. Experienced florists advise the use of a mixture of flower soils of several species. Since some particular substrate can not be quite suitable for petunia, then a mixture of several soil types that complement each other in content will fully meet its requirements.

You can also prepare the ground yourself. It should consist of such components: humus, nervous land and sand - 1 parts, peat - 2 parts, ash - 0.5 parts, perlite - a small handful and potash fertilizer - 1 tablespoon. The composition is well stirred and small pebbles choose, as they can prevent the seed germination.

Other options for soil mixture are possible.

  • Underworld, ferry soil and peat - 2 parts, sand - 1 part, vermiculite (perlite) - 1 handful. Instead of sand, you can use coconut chips.

  • Peat - 7 parts, clay - 3 parts.

  • Peat, sand - 1 part, loam - 2 parts.

  • Peat and loam porovna. Suglink can be replaced by perlite.

Before sowing for 24 hours, the substrate should be poured by a solution of mangalls or warm up in the oven for an hour. This is done for his disinfection. As a capacity for growing color seedlings, it is possible to use different containers. You can sow in a small suspended porridge, having drainage holes in the bottom, a plane. Apply such containers.

  • Containers . It is usually plastic packaging, which is convenient to transfer from place to place if necessary.

  • Peat tablets - New and very effective option. Its convenience is that such pills allow only a few seeds to sow. It provides a good germination and development of strong roots.

  • Cassette. They are of different sizes, which allows them to apply them to grow different crops. For petunition, it is better to use cassettes that have sections with a size of 10 cm.

Primary material is often used: the containers from ice cream, cookies and other products, cups from yogurt.

Rules landing

Saw petunia on seedlings can be different methods. Draised seeds soaring easier. For this, the substrate is placed in the container, well compacted, watered, and then condensed again.

Seed granules are unfolded on the surface of the soil at a distance of about 3-4 cm from each other. The gaps between the rows are approximately 5 cm. Then the seed seeds are covered with a small layer of peat and slightly moisturized using a spray gun.

The main rule of the sowing of ordinary seeds of this flower is that after the distribution on the surface of the substrate, it is not required to be filled with top to the soil.

Conventional seeds are sowing in such ways.

  • Sowing on snow . The compacted snow layer is placed in the container from top view of a thickness of approximately 0.5 cm. Then seed seed on it. On the White Snow, dark petunia seeds are clearly visible and they can be dispersed on the ground less evenly. To distribute seeds, you can use a sharply sharpened wand or toothpick. When melting snow, the substrate is moisturizing, while the seeds with snow penetrate into the soil at the desired depth. The soil is not needed to add a container.

  • Sand landing . In the sand add seeds, everything is thoroughly mixed. This mixture is evenly placed in containers with soil.

  • Landing on toilet roll paper. Usual paper is used, it is not recommended to use a three-layer. Seeds on paper are also clearly visible and they can be dispersed. In addition, the paper will not allow the seeds to fall into depth. Being in a wet state, it will quickly dissolve and will allow roots to grow actively.

Another planting method of Petunia is performed in this way.

  • Take a fragment of dense polyethylene of any length with a width corresponding to the width of the roll of toilet paper.

  • It is covered with 2-3 layers of paper, which is then moisturized from the sprayer.

  • Receive from above from the edge of approximately 0.5 cm and placed seeds along the length of the tape at a distance of about 3 cm.

  • The paper tape is gently wrapped, forming a roll, and fasten it loosely so that it does not turn around. You can use an elastic band or a thin rope.

  • The resulting roll is placed in any container so that the edge with the petunia is from above.

  • The container is put in a warm room and further support paper humidity. When shoots are growing and they will need to dive, the roll is revealed, and the seedlings are planted into containers with soil.

For landing it is possible to use peat tablets. For this, they are put into containers and pour boiling water. After the pills are cooled and scattered, seed seed on them. This method is particularly effective for planting the dried seeds. For each tablet placed 1-2 seed dragee.

Landing petunia in boiling water is the newest method. As soon as the seeds were distributed on the substrate surface, they are watered with boiling water from the syringe (or pear). It is necessary to plant petition in plastic containers.

Containers with petunias planted by any of the described methods are closed with film (or glass) and put it in a cool and darkened room for about 7 days, after which they are transferred to heat.

But if it was stratification before landing, the containers immediately put into a warm room with a temperature not lower than +24 degrees.

Subsequent care at home

Like any culture, petunia after landing requires care. It is regularly fulfilling the standard actions.

Watering

Watering this gentle flower is needed carefully and neatly, since it has very fragile shoots. Watering should be moderate and produced as needed. It is impossible to form the formation of a dry crust on the surface of the soil, as it prevents the air access to the roots. And this can cause the death of Roskov. Excess moisture causes fungal infections, for example, a "black leg".

Watering the gentle shootouts of the plant is best using the precision watering method and directly under the root system. The regularity of the procedure is 1 time in 2-3 days. It is possible to use for this can only be warm out (for the day) water. For the root irrigation, the syringe, pipette or srintsight is most often used.

Spray seedlings from the pulverizer can not until the flowers are well fixed. The greater effect of watering is achieved if it is carried out in the evening, since it is in the evening shoots grow more actively.

Carrying

Aeration allows you to maintain the optimal level of humidity. Therefore, the ventilating seedlings should be carried out immediately after sowing seeds, but in the first days, the film is cleaned only for a few minutes.

After the appearance of shoots, aeration lasts about 10 to 20 minutes. As the seedlings grow, the duration of the ventilation is gradually increased and adjusted to 2 hours a day . Before closing the container, the surface of the film is wiped dry to remove condensate drops.

Lighting

Containers with seedlings contain in bright with good room lighting, but in places inaccessible to straight sunlight. The required duration of the light day for petunia is about 16 hours. In winter, in a short light day, young sprouts need extra backlight.

With a lack of illumination, shoots will not grow strong and healthy. They will reach the light, as a result, the stem will become long but weak. In addition, additional illumination contributes to the ambulance of flower kidney.

The backlight is carried out in approximately April, using phytolampu, which is placed near the container. In addition to phytolamba, you can also use luminescent lamps.

Temperature mode

The temperature in the room where containers with a seedler should be not lower than + 20- + 22 degrees. At such a temperature, they are located until shoots appear. About 20 days after that, when seedling will grow slightly, it is started hardening.

Petunia creates more cool conditions of content: the temperature in the room should be about + 16- + 18 degrees. To do this, open the window for accessing cold air, but only if the weather is not too frosty.

Re-stratification is carried out before transplanting colors in the soil: days for 30 days are put on the veranda or balcony.

Picking

Correctly conducted picking contributes to a more active growth of the root system. It is possible to conduct it when 4 real leaves will appear at the sprout. But due to the fact that the sprouts during this period are very small, it is difficult to implement it. For proper picking, step-by-step execution of such actions.

  • The soil in containers with a seadade you need to moisten well.

  • The prepared more spacious container is filled with fresh substrate, pre-disinfected.

  • Caution, keeping petunia for leaves, you need to lift the roots with a knife or flat stick and remove them from the soil. An extracted process should be preserved the soil lumps on the roots.

  • In the soil of the new container, a hole is made, the sprout is lowered together with the soil lump. The stem must be deepened to the first lower leaves.

  • Then the land around the seedlings are slightly attached.

  • Watering is produced under the root system.

When growing seedlings in peat tablets, picking is significantly easier: pills are shut-off in more spacious tanks and sleep with the soil.

Damage to the roots during dive is not hazardous for the plant, but it is impossible to injure the stem. After picking, the growth of green mass seedlings may not come immediately. This is explained by the fact that there is an intensive development of the roots. If the petunias were planted in insulated containers, you can not dive it.

The picking can be done once again after 1.5 months to adjust the landing density. Each time the seedlings are transplanted into more spacious containers or a separate container. It is impossible to make fertilizer immediately after dive.

Podkord

For better growth, seedlings can be made of fertilizers in the soil before planting. Applied Preparations:

  • "Ethin" - stimulating growth;
  • "Unifloor" - containing the necessary trace elements;
  • "Hydrogel" - regulating soil moisture and boosting plants.

But only 2 weeks after picking, you can make the first feeding of seedlings. For more intensive growth of roots, the "citron" means is used. The subsequent application of fertilizers is carried out with periodicity of 1 time in 14 days, alternating drugs, stimulating growth, with complex nitrogen-containing mineral fertilizers.

Most often apply ready-made floral fertilizers in liquid form, such as the "crystal", "athlete". When making fertilizers, adhere to the norm. For seedlings, it is better if the norm is somewhat lower than its excess.

Paging of proceedings

Many flowerfish, constantly growing petunia, spend the seedlings. It stimulates the growth of the lateral kidney leaves. It is done in order to provide a flower to the proper formation of cooks and direct the growth of side sprigs evenly in different directions.

This procedure is to remove two top leafs and hold it when there will be 7 leaves on the process. After pinching, it will remain 5 leaves. The september is convenient to do with manicure tweeters or scissors.

Pickling of seedlings spend several times. It is re-carried out after 1 month after the first, pinning the side processes. To maintain a decorative type of petunia, bushes can be formed constantly throughout the vegetative term.

Tricks flowerfoot

Many flower flowers have their little secrets and tricks that they use when Growing petunia.

  • It is better to acquire petunia seeds in packages with an inner layer of polyethylene or foil, since seeds do not lose their germination longer (about 2 years) compared to paper bags, in which the germination is saved only a year.

  • When choosing seeds, it is better to stop on any particular grade, and not to buy a mixture of varieties, because often such seeds do not meet the declared description on the bags. In the end, you can not get what you expect.

  • You can grow seedlings in mini-greenhouse, which is easy to do at home. Plastic bottle must be cut from 3 sides: in height and sides. The top you need to bend a bit - it will be a lid. In the bottom of the seed seed and closed with a lid. Such a greenhouse is convenient and comfortable for plants.

  • During the seeds of seeds, they must be slightly pressed to the soil for a more dense contact with the Earth.

  • When cropping, it is necessary to take into account possible losses of processes during growth or dive. Therefore, it is recommended to sow a slightly more seeds than you need.

  • So that the seeds were clearly visible, they are poured onto a white plate or saucer. Then a wet acute stick or toothpick them pick up and placed in the ground.

  • During north, use another toothpick, which marks the place where the seed should be placed. This allows you to evenly distribute the seeds.

  • Before watering seedlings, you can add a few drops of lemon juice to the water (squeeze out of lemon).

  • For a faster germination of seeds, they must be kept warm - you can put containers next to the heating battery.

Petunia is considered a cotton plant in terms of growing seedlings. However, the knowledge of various methods of her sowing and their nuances, as well as the fulfillment of all rules of care will provide its successful growth, and in the summer - lush flowering of culture.

Read more about how to sow petunia to seedlings, you will learn from the following video.

Gentle flowers of bright and romantic colors give us joy with their elegant beauty and thin, spicy aroma. They are organic and beautifully look at the household sites, dachas, any flower beds and even in pots, adorning balconies, windows, buildings. Some gardeners are even engaged in growing petunia seedlings for sale. But in the summer you could enjoy their beauty, it is necessary to stretch seedlings in advance.

Dates of planting petunia on seedlings

At the end of winter, the summer houses and flowerflowers begin nice troubles in connection with the speedy opening of the country's season. Many of them begin to grow by growing seedlings. But the flower, who want to grow in her petunias, are interested in - when exactly, in what month to plant seed seeds on seedlings? Seeds sow in February, March, April. But here there are your Nuances .

First of all, you need to pay attention to the information specified on the package. The manufacturer has already taken care and revealed the optimal time for the procedure.

Also in different regions, the procedure is carried out at different times: in Siberia, in the Urals, in the Leningrad region - approximately in the second half of March and the first half of April, in the south (Krasnodar region) - in early February, in the middle lane - in about mid-February.

Step-by-step instructions for sowing Petunia on seedlings

So, you decided to plant the seeds of an amazing flower at seedlings. What do you need? First of all, some free time, effort and good mood, and everything else is described in detail below - the rules, instructions, tips and tricks.

Step One: Choosing a suitable soil

Before planting, many flowerflowers are wondering - in which land is better to plant petition for seedlings? The question is really important and necessary, because the germination of seeds depends on the choice of soil. Basic soil requirements: The soil must be fertile, loose, moisture, and also it should not be alkaline or strongly acid.

Tip! If the selected substrate is acidic, then to solve this problem you can mix wood ash to it.

You can purchase land for Petunia seedlings as in the finished form in specialized stores, and prepare yourself. To prepare the soil yourself at home, the following ingredients should be mixed in equal proportions:

  • peat;
  • humus;
  • turf or leafy land;
  • Pure river sand.

There is also a simpler soil recipe for seedlings:

  • Earth from the garden;
  • peat;
  • Pure river sand.

Mix the ingredients in proportion (1: 2: 1).

Note! If you prepared the soil yourself, then it must be necessary Disinfect. To do this, you can put the mixture in the oven or in a double boiler for about half an hour. And then it is necessary to shed a substrate with a weak solution of mangartan or phytoosporin. Thanks to simple manipulation, you can eliminate adverse bacteria and microorganisms.

Video: How to cook the ground for petunia.

Step Two: Selected Seeds

The quality of the seed material plays the last role in obtaining healthy seedlings. If the sowing material is high-quality, then the seeds do not require preliminary training.

It is not recommended to buy seeds from unknown, dubious sellers. It is better to do this in specialized stores, reliable Internet sites that have a good reputation and reviews.

Seeds can be as in the usual, original form (they are very small) And in the form of dragee (In the dressed form, they are larger and more convenient to use).

It is difficult to say which of them is better, because in some cases the seeds may not exist due to a dense shell, but this is possible with insufficient watering. In general, many gardeners are successfully growing both ordinary and dusted seeds, a matter of taste.

Step Three: Capacity Choice

For seeding, seeds are optimally used not very deep, wide containers. The most convenient seedlings for seedlings are the following options:

1. Peat pills. Such a capacity is recommended by many flowers, because such pills are very comfortable and practical in use. The only minus can be considered the cost, but it pays off due to all the advantages of the tank. By the way, peat pills are often used to grow precocious petunia seeds.

2. Cassettes. No less convenient way than the first option. Ease of use of the cassette is also manifested in the fact that they are of different sizes, and you can get the most suitable (it is for petunion that it is better to take the cassettes with a diameter of about ten centimeters).

3. Containers . The popular type of container among gardeners is usually used plastic vases.

Step four: direct seeding

Detailed step-by-step instructions, rules and schemes always come to the rescue and help us grow different plants at home. As for planting seeds of Petunia to seedlings, then in this case there is Convenient instructions for the main fit way, which will help to successfully perform the procedure:

  • First of all, it is necessary to place the moistened soil in the container, the soil thickness should be at least six centimeters, but consider that about three centimeters should be between the soil and edge of the container.
  • Seeds are sown along the surface of the substrate. They can not be filled with soil from top to. Because of this, they will not be able to germinate.
  • Flower seeds are very small, so difficulties may occur in the landing. In order to be conveniently transferred to the soil seeds, you can use the usual toothpick. It will especially be necessary if the landing will be carried out in separate containers (for example, peat pills, cassettes). The end of the toothpick, pre-dipped in water, should be picked up the seed and transport to the container. 2nd Dry toothpick will help drop the seed into the ground.
  • After you laid down the planting material on Earth, you should irrigate the soil with clean water, it can be done using a spray gun.
  • After that, you need to cover the tank with glass or film.
  • Rearrange the container into a warm place with a temperature of + 23-25 ​​° C.

By the way! If we plant seeds in all the rules, observing the recommendations and tips, then they can take it in two weeks.

Scent Scent

In addition to the described basic way to planting petunia seeds to seedlings, there is another, very interesting and convenient way - Sowing in the snow. Many flower products are planted in this way, as they believe that the way is better and more convenient.

Specificity Seed Seeds on Snow It is that pure snow is laid on the soil (the thickness of the layer is about 1.5 centimeters), and the plant seeds are transferred on top (it is possible to do with a toothpick, tweezers). Or you can pour seeds on the snow, and then it is already gently distributing them on the surface.

When snow melts occurs, the seeds will be evenly distributed on the ground, they will drag on to the desired depth, also the seeds will be mini-stratification.

Video: Sowing method in the snow.

How to care for seeding petunia

Care at the initial stage of the plant's life is important as after landing in open ground. Proper care of seedling petunia will help grow strong, high-quality seedlings, make cultivation, flowering and rooting in open ground more successful. Home Care includes the following necessary measures: watering, maintaining the optimal temperature regime, lighting, feeding, tailor. Consider in more detail how to properly care for a young plant.

The photo shows how healthy seedlings look like after germination, which gets a full care:

So that the seedlings of Petunia differed in health and was strong, you should know The main points of care before and after germination:

  • As noted above, immediately after sowing, you should cover the container with film, glass or film. Daily serve crops, take off the lid or glass for 20 minutes, and be sure to wipe the condensate from the underfloor material.
  • It is also important to know when to remove the cover or film. It follows them when it appears the first real leaves from shoots, but you need to open gradually!
  • Temperature regime: Before the appearance of 23-25 ​​degrees of heat, after - 18-20 (during the day), 16 (at night).
  • The lighting should be full, optimally 12 hours. Therefore, you need to use phytolampa in the morning, in the evening, day in cloudy weather.
  • Watering should be moderate, the stable humidity of the soil should be maintained. Before germination of shoots and the first few days after, it is necessary to moisten from the pulverizer. After germination, the shoots should be watered along the edge of the tank (fringe or watering can), or in the roasting zone drip (syringe), or through the pallet.
  • Watch out for the condition of the surface of the soil, it is impossible that the crust is formed on it, which will prevent the intake of oxygen. Regularly loose the surface of the soil.

Video: How to care for seedlings after shoots .

Picking petunia

As you know, picking is a transplant of seedlings in a larger capacity in the new soil. The procedure is a necessary step of growing seedlings. Seared follows when placing seedlings in one container.

When dive, you need to follow these rules:

  • The event should be performed when they have the first pair of real leaves. As a rule, this takes place a month after the seed landing.
  • For dive, it is recommended to use a wooden wand.
  • To send petunia at home correctly, it is necessary during the process to do everything delicately to avoid damage to the root system.
  • When transplanting should not be eliminated with the soil from the roots, the plant is more favorable to survive the pickup, if there is a little soil on the roots.
  • At the bottom of the container, there should be holes for outdrawal moisture.

Picker

The purchase is the removal of the upper part of the escape. It is an important stage of growing and care for seedlings, it is necessary for the formation of petunia and future lush flowering. This effect is achieved due to the elimination of the stretching top of the plant, which Promotes the growth of shoots in different directions.

This instruction will help you correctly make the seedlings of seedlings at home:

  • The event should be performed only when the flower starts up, it will deteriorate, crept, it should grow rapidly up, it should also be two or three pairs of real leaves.
  • Paging is better to produce after dive or transplanting into open ground.
  • For proper addition, it is necessary to determine the desired place on the stem (it is approximately through three-five leaves from the bottom of the plant). Then he follows the top escape in this place.

By the way! You can quit both with your fingers and a secateur, scissors.

Video: How and when to pinch a petunia.

Pests and diseases seedlings

Everyone knows that healthy, strong and good seedlings in the future will allow to get a wonderful harvest, and in our case - a beautiful flower garden on the flower bed. But unfortunately, pests and diseases can eat on it, which can damage the seedlings or even lead to death. In the risk zone, those copies that get the wrong care. Therefore, it is so important to properly care for seedlings both to germination and after.

Consider the main pests and diseases of the seedlings of Petunia:

  • Chlorosis - An unpleasant disease occurs due to the unbalanced nutrition of the plant, namely due to the lack of iron. So that the plants are not injured from chlorosis, you need to take care of timely feeding.
  • Cobed tick "The pest may damage the seedlings, it is also dangerous than the fact that another dangerous pests may appear on the web. The tick may appear due to excessive dryness of the substrate and improper care. Biological insecticides should be regularly inspected and at the appearance of an undesirable guest.
  • Blackleg - Dangerous fungal disease, which can lead to seedlings. The cause of the black leg can be an excess of moisture and heat, excessive watering, the soil, which contained the fungi-pathogens. That is why it is so important to ensure normal care and before landing to treat the primer in the oven or a double boiler! It is also necessary to eliminate patients with copies from healthy, and the substrate in the disease zone is treated with wood or dry sand.

Dates and rules for disembarking seedlings in open ground

Each flower water is looking forward to the desired moment for any gardener - a transplant in open ground. But when to transplant seedlings of Petunia? The best time to land plants is for the period from the second half of May until mid-June.

Note! Regardless of the recommended time, it is important to pay attention to the young plants themselves - they must have a well-developed above-ground part, normally developed rhizomes, be strong.

It is very important to handle it before transplanting. For hardening, it should be seeded to open air, gradually increasing the time of staying on the street (starting in a small temporary interval).

When transplanting Petunia seedlings to the open soil on the flower bed, follow the following scheme:

  1. First of all, you should choose a place. For landing in open ground, it is necessary to choose a plot that is well light, has fertile soil (preferably drowned). If the soil is not fertile, it is advisable to make fertilizers.
  2. Then it should be abundantly pouring the plants and the transshipment method to plant the seedlings of petunia in the wells.
  3. Landing should be made based on the optimal distance. When landing, it is necessary to take into account the distance between the seedlings - from about 20 to 30 centimeters. The depth of the landing fossa must be at least ten centimeters.
  4. It is recommended to protect young plants on flowerbed mulching material (peat, humus).

Tip! Pereparing the seedlings of Petunia into open soil is best in the evening, during the smallest solar activity. You can also perform an event in a cloudy, not a sunny day.

If you have an ampel grade seedlings and you plan to transplant it in a kashpo, pot or other any other container, then some features should be known:

  1. You should choose a large container that has drainage holes.
  2. At the bottom of the pot or Cachepo, it is recommended to pour a drainage material with a thickness of about three centimeters.
  3. The soil for the pot can be used the same as during the cultivation of seedlings.
  4. It is also necessary to replant with a transshipment method, without breaking the earth coma with rhizomes. Carry the plant should be careful not to damage the roots.

Video: How to transplant seedlings in a pot.

Now you have learned all the subtleties and secrets of how to grow seedlings of petunia at home. At first glance, it may seem that the process of cultivation is too complicated, requires a lot of resources and easier to buy ready-made seedlings in the market or in specialized stores. But in fact, everything is not so difficult! With the right execution of all stages, following the step-by-step instructions, the rules and advice, you can raise and get a strong, healthy and good seedlings that will look stylish, please you with a beautiful, lush color on the garden of the house, dacha, in pots, kashpo.

Live in nature there are more than 25 types of petunia. Hybrids enjoy the greatest popularity of flower water. Bright flower grow in urban parks, at the cottage, on the loggia or balcony. The flower is not picky and grows well both on flowerbed and in the form of potted culture.

Petunia description

Petunia description

Family lovers appreciate Petunia for abundant flowering, which continues from the beginning of summer and ends only after the first autumn frosts. These unpretentious plants grow in any climatic zones. They are not bad to carry drought, love light and can grow on poor soils.

Petunia - This is a genus, uniting annual and perennial herbaceous plants from the Parenic family. The height of representatives of this kind may vary from 10 cm to 1 meter. Right decorative culture from South America, it grows in tropical areas of Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay.

Data on the number of types of petunias that exist in nature is not unambiguous, according to one sources of them about 15, according to others - up to 40. The first cultural plants from the genus Petunia appeared in the XVIII century. The main characteristics of these plants:

  • Stem is a reprehensive or fluttering with shoots 2.3 orders;
  • There is a omission on shoots;
  • The color of shoots is green, round form;
  • The leaves have different magnitudes and shape, the next, have downs;
  • Flowers have a double perianth, which consists of a whin and a cup;
  • Flowers of two types of terry and simple;
  • The fruit has a form of a double box, which, when ripening seeds, is clearer;
  • Seed size small.

Types of Petunia

Types of Petunia

Among the flower water there is no consensus about the petunition classification. Usually, this type of decorative plants is divided into the following characteristics:

  • the shape of the bush;
  • Flower size and flowering type.

In the shape of a bush

Depending on the shape of the bush, the varieties of petunition are isolated: bush, cascade, ampel. Consider what the bush types of petunias represent. They are low, compact, with reprehensive shoots up to 30 cm long and tall views with scattered shoots from 50 to 75 cm. Sorts and well-type hybrids do not need to form. To simulate the growth of side shoots, you just need to pinch the growth point.

Ampel Petunia Group

The ampel Petunia group combines plants with long shoots from 50 to 150 cm long. For them is characteristic:

  • rapid growth of shoots;
  • long and abundant flowering;
  • Resistance to adverse weather conditions.

Ampeline varieties of petunias look good in suspended porridge. Landscape designers use this kind of colors with thin, long weavers for vertical landscaping. Practice landing of ampelnaya petunias into the ground to obtain bright flower carpets.

Cascading petunias have thicker shoots, the length of which is less than that of ampel varieties. They grow to the top, down only when a certain length is reached. Cascade petunition varieties and hybrids are used to design loggias and balconies. Their seedlings are planted in drawers, pots, kashpo.

In size of flowers and type of blossom

All petunias in the size of the flower are divided into two groups:

  • P. Melkocetrica;
  • P. large-flowered;
  • P. abundant blooming;
  • P. Multi-Deck.

Melkocellum

Melkocellum

A group of small-bedroom petunition of the milliflora combines plants with a flower diameter of 2.5 to 3 cm. This species is distinguished by abundant bloom, the rain does not affect their decorativeness. Bustards are formed from numerous branching shoots up to 0.9 m long and stretching stalks in height not exceeding 25 cm.

Florists are used when creating flower compositions of varieties:

Large-flowered

Large-colored forms are poorly endured sophisticated weather conditions. Flowers of these forms are very decorative, but the number of flowers on the bushes is less than that of small-ceiling species. Among the flower water, the large-flowered group of petunition - Grandiflora.

Reference! Large-flowered varieties are poorly imposed, so they are used to decorate balconies, terraces, veranda.

It combines low-spirited stem highs from 25 to 35 cm and high with length of shoots from 50 to 70 cm. Flowers are large different shapes: simple funnel-shaped, terry. The diameter of flowers can range from 8 to 13 cm. Flowers petals with solid, wavy or corrugated edges.

Popular Large-flowered Petunias:

  • Double Cascade F1;
  • Galaxy F1;
  • Black velvet;
  • Spheric F1;
  • Sophistication F. Galaxy F1;

Abundant blooming

Floribunda is a group of hybrids and varieties, combining abundant flowering petunias. The height of the reprehension, branched shoots from 25 to 45 cm. Flowers are simple funnel-shaped or terry with a diameter of 6 to 10 cm. This type of petunition is used in decorative design of flower and borders. Popular varieties of petunia Floribunda:

  • Sonya F1.
  • Milky Way F1.
  • Angora F1. Angora F1.

Multi-Deck

The multiflora multi-flower petunition group consists of low-spirited plants, compact, abundantly sweetered with flowers. The height of the bushes does not exceed 25 cm. Flowers' shape is different - from simple to terry, the diameter of which does not exceed 5 cm. Flowering of multi-flowered petunitions is early and long. The plants of this group are used in the design of flower beds, balconies, grown in room conditions on the windowsill.

Common ranges of varieties:

  • Celabriti F1;
  • Picotics F1;
  • Glafira. Picotics F1.

When to plant petunia seeds on seedlings

When to plant on seedlings

The dates of landing the petunia on seedlings depend on when blooming is planned. If the flowering plant needs to get in the end of spring, then it is necessary to sow seeds in January. For summer flowering, sowing starts in mid-February and continue to the third decade of March.

To get a full seedlings, you need at least 3 months. Petunia varieties are beginning to sow earlier than other varieties, as the formation of long shoots is more time.

Seeding seeds

Seeding seeds

Beginner flower flowes can pose a very small size of seeds. We need certain skills to work with them. On sale there are upgraded seeds. It is easier to sow and shell protects seeds from various kinds of infections, in addition, it contains nutrients. Petunia seeds retain the germination for 4 years.

Preparation of land

Experienced gardeners have long defined the composition of the soil that is most suitable for the cultivation of Petunia seedlings. Soil is suitable for it:

  • sand-and loam;
  • subliban;
  • Glinisto-sandy.

Many flower activities practice mixing several types of purchased soil. Since it is believed that one type of soil may not suit the petunia, and the mixture of soils from 2-3 producers will be optimal in structure and fertility.

Preparation of land

The level of the soil is important, the decorativeness of the flower depends on it. For petunia, the soil is neutral (pH from 5.5 to 7.0) or a weakness (pH from 5.5 to 6.5). It is not difficult to determine the pH level, for these purposes they sell the lactium paper.

If the soil in the garden is acidic, it is lime or added humic fertilizers, organic or nitrates. It is possible to reduce acidity by adding a soup or a derinous land. In a strong alkaline soil, peat is added, and in moderately alkaline compost or sphagnum. The structure of severe, clay soil corrected by adding peat and sand.

As for the soil for seedlings, many flower products prefer to germinate seeds in peat pills. Those who use for sowing land hold a number of activities to disinfect it:

  • To protect against disease, shed a pink solution of mangalls, it is necessary to water at least a week before the landing;
  • The second version of disinfection is 1 hour in the oven, heated to 150 ° C.

For those who want to draw up the soil independently, the tips of the flower water, which recommend the following scheduling options for seedlings:

  • clay 30% and 70% peat;
  • peat 1 part, sand 1 part, loaming 2 parts;
  • Peat 1 part, loam 1 part.

For Petunia, you can use both riding and low-handed peat. Instead of Suglinka, you can add perlite or spruce bark. On 1 liter of the soil it is worth adding 1 h. L of dolomite flour to bring acidity to normal.

Sowing

Sowing

Do not everyone know how to sow small petunia seeds. The main thing is that you need to remember is that the seeds are sowing over the surface and do not sprinkle neither the land or humus. Small seeds are not visible on the ground surface, it is difficult to sow.

It is much easier to go the process if you pour a layer of snow over the Earth. On a white background, seeds are easy to distribute at the desired distance from each other. You can cling them to the toothpick. After all seeds are decomposed, the planting container needs to be tightened with a food film, put in a warm place.

The lighting should be scattered, since the straight sunshine can destroy the gentle searches. Before the appearance of sepositions about Petunia, you can forget, since the stock of moisture from the melon of snow is quite enough for germination of seeds.

Survey care

Petunia shoots are so small that it is difficult to imagine how to care for her. Any incorrect step can destroy the gentle plants. Failures occur at novice flower flowers, experienced florists rarely fail, as they know exactly what they need petunia at every stage of development.

Watering

Watering

Miniature seedlings are difficult to water, but it is necessary and often enough. The drying of the upper layer of soil leads to her death. For neat watering under the root of the flower, various devices are used:

  • syringes;
  • small belly;
  • Split into a plastic bottle tire Detail of a ballpoint pen.

The first time is often watered and gradually so that the surface of the earth is constantly wet. As the seedlings grow, the frequency of irrigation is reduced, but the volume increases.

Lighting

Lighting

Light is needed for normal seedlings. For the first two weeks it can be free from almost 24 hours. When sowing seeds in March, such a long illumination is not needed. It is enough to provide seedlings 12 hour day.

To make the seedlings of Petunia use lamps:

  • gas-discharge;
  • luminescent;
  • LED.

You can turn on the lamp in the morning at 7 o'clock, and off in the evening at 9 o'clock. This lighting will be enough to grow strong seedlings.

Temperature

From the moment of sowing seeds and until the appearance of the first sedresses of petunia, they maintain the temperature in the room in the region of 25 ° C. As the seedlings grows, after her dive into separate cups, it is necessary to gradually reduce the air temperature in the room to 18 ° C, and even better - up to 16 ° C.

Picking

Picking

Picking seedlings Petunia is not a mandatory procedure if plants are planted into separate cups. When sowing into the total container, the peak is necessary, as it helps the formation of the root system first, and then the above-ground part of the flower.

Transplantation (pickup) Petunia seedlings can be carried out several times. The first time in the phase 3-4 of the present leaves. In time, it is about 2 weeks after the appearance of germs. With the help of picking, the seedlings are regulated by the seedlings. You can dive into a larger box or separate cups with a diameter of 6 to 8 cm.

In order not to damage the gentle roots of small seedlings, the soil is needed to pour well before picking. Some colors in transplantation of seedlings are disinfection of roots, lowered them for a few seconds into a weak warranging solution. After transplanting, the seedlings need to be poured, the earth after irrigation tightly burst the root.

Topping

Topping

In order for the flows of petunias to be lush, they are pouring the central stem. After that, the plant appears new points of growth, the active formation of new shoots begins. The period of flowering is postponed, but the largest flowers are formed on the side stems.

Paging is carried out in several techniques. The first time the top pinch in the seedlings after the appearance of 5 sheets. This procedure is called Pinzing and is carried out using manicure scissors.

A month later, you can quit already formed lateral shoots. Forming bushes is allowed throughout the season, if necessary, to maintain the decorativeness of the plant. Elite varieties rarely need to form. In pinching and pinching of lateral shoots need simple varieties of petunition.

Subordinate

Subordinate

The seedlings can be made at the stage of preparation of the soil for seedlings. To seed out well developed, you can add to the soil:

  • Epin;
  • Uniflor;
  • Powder;
  • Perlite;
  • Hydrogel.

Epin stimulates growth. Perlite breaks down the soil. Uniflorines plants by trace elements. Poonet to purchase difficult, it's IL, which increases the germination of seeds. Hydrogel helps control the level of moisture in the soil and improves the seed germination.

The supply of nutrient elements in the soil is enough for the first time. The growing seedlings need to be filled with nitrogen-containing fertilizer, the time of the first feeding occurs in 2-3 weeks after the appearance of germs. Check the next feeder after 2 weeks. Potassium and phosphorus must prevail in fertilizer.

Different methods of growing

To grow full-fledged seedlings of Petunia, it will take 90 days. Each flower has its own proven method of cultivation:

  • sowing in the box (Kashpo) filled with soil;
  • using peat tablets;
  • On toilet paper.

In peat tablets

In peat tablets

You can buy peat tablets in any supermarket. Sowing procedure simple:

  • Tablets first soaked in water;
  • After they increase in the amount, they are placed in the box (container) with sideboards at least 4 cm;
  • Seeds are put in recess on the tablet;
  • The drawer is covered with film.

After a week, shoots appear. Before their appearance, the tablet must be moisturized.

In Kashpo, in pots

In Kashpo, in pots

To decorate a balcony or loggia, a petunia is sowed immediately into a pot or in Kashpo. The success of lush flowering will depend on the correctly selected soil mixture. For decorativeness in one container, the petunias of different types (whites, ampel) are planted and complement them with other colors: alissum, lobelia. To maintain the soil in the porridge in a wet state into the ground, hydrogel or vermiculite is added.

Petunia transplant permanent location

Petunia transplant permanent location

Pereparing the seedlings of Petunia to a permanent place is not difficult. The soil must be prepared and treated with fungicide in advance, better from autumn. A good time for transplant will be a cloudy day or not a hot evening.

The transshipment of plants should be taken carefully, without damaging the root system. Roots to paint, not allowing bends. The land after the transplant is good to pour. On the leaves the water should not fall. To maintain the constant humidity of the soil to use Mulch:

  • decorative bark;
  • sawdust;
  • peat;
  • humus.

Care for petunias in summer

Care in the summer

Petunia is grown in pot culture or in the soil. Summer care depends on the method of cultivation. Petunia, growing in the ground, does not require frequent irrigations, just once a week is good to pour flowers. Petunia growing in Kashpo need frequent irrigation. On hot days to water potted flowers can be twice a day in the morning and in the evening.

Fucks begin a week after a flower transplant to a permanent place. Using standard complex fertilizers for flowering plants. Flowers in the soil feed once every two weeks, potted petunias fertilize once every 7 days.

Petunia speaks well on fertilizers with high potassium content. Conduct feeders throughout the summer season until the end of flowering. Recommend to alternate mineral fertilizers with organic. Flowers should be removed, it usually concerns ampels and petunitions grown in porridge and containers.

What to do for lush flowering

What to do for lush flowering

Experienced flowerflowers are achieved from their loveders of lush flowering. Beginner florists are also bye. Receptions Simple:

  • Pincation of the central stem seedlings;
  • pinching of scaushes in side shoots;
  • Regular watering;
  • removing faded colors;
  • feeding.

Facing - the key condition of lush flowering, without fertilizers will shoot thin, and the bloom is not abundant.

Diseases and pests

Diseases and pests

Petunia may suffer from viral diseases. It is dangerous for her cucumber and tobacco mosaic viruses. Symptoms of cucumber mosaic:

  • stiff view;
  • small flowers;
  • Yellow spots on the leaves;
  • The leaves take the wrong shape.

With damage to the tobacco mosaic virus, the plant is minted, its edges of the sheet plates wrap up to the top and are covered with necrotic stains. On flower petals visible dots or strokes of white or gray. The plants infected with viruses are destroyed.

From the insects on petunia attacks the word. Symptoms:

  • Young shoots yellow, deform;
  • On the leaves it is easy to consider adults of Tlima;
  • Arranges embarrassed ants around the infected bush.

Pull with the processing of an infected flower is not worth it. Any flower plant should have insecticides: Aktara, Fufanon, karate. Several treatments and a bush will acquire a healthy look.

Problems of growing petunia

Newbies in the cultivation of Petunia arises many problems as serious and not very. All errors are associated with the improper selection of soil mixture and disorders of the seedling conditions.

Why seedlings yellowing

Why seedlings yellowing

Yellow leaves at seedlings Petunia can talk about a lack of iron. You can save the flower from chlorosis using iron chelata. Flowers prefer to use ferft - liquid shape of iron chelate. To return the plants a healthy appearance, enough processings.

Check out once every 5 days. Fertilizers make both under the root and spraying on the sheet. More effects are achieved with alternating root and extractive feeding. Petunia speaks well to making potassium monophosphate.

Why leaves twisted

Why leaves twisted

Twisted leaves in Petunia - a sign of poor care for a young plant. Causes can be different:

  • moistening soil;
  • soil cut;
  • dry air;
  • increased acidity of soil;
  • excess nitrogen;
  • lack of phosphorus;
  • lack of sunlight;
  • Viral disease or invasion of pests.

Why bad is growing

Why bad is growing

Seedling is poorly growing and cares because of insufficient lighting. To eliminate the cause of poor growth, you can change the place of residence of seedlings, transfer to the southern or south-west window. Alternatively, install the lamp to make seedlings.

Another reason for stopping the growth of plants is an insufficient pot volume. Roots filled the entire volume and they have no place to develop more. This reason is eliminated by the transshipment of the plant into a new capacity of greater volume. After the transplant flower can be treated with growth stimulant.

How to grow seedlings of petunia at home: video

How to form petunias? Do you need to pinch? What kind of petition to choose when buying? video

Petunia will not require much effort from you during the cultivation. All events for its care can be done by any novice flower. This beautiful flower needs: systematic watering, timely making fertilizers and good lighting throughout the day.

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