About how to take care of palm trees: Where we grow, how to transplant, why dried leaves

How to care for palm trees at home

Over the past decades, palm trees have become popular among lovers to decorate their homes with exotic plants. Large tropical beauties transform the room and unobtrusively resemble the sea coast, harmony and rest. You can choose both bush and single-tissue options. The diversity of carving leaves will allow you to find your favorite from a huge number of options.

How to care for palm trees at home

Many admirers of large plants refuse to themselves in pleasure to settle the southern beauty in the apartment, because he does not know how to care for the palm tree. There is even an opinion that the palms are growing only in those houses where the owner has a light hand. However, concern is safe, the palm has easy to maintain.

Palma room

Interesting. A lot of possessors of these plants are intuitively "selenium" by them away from other colors, somewhere in the opposite corner of the room, it is correct. Palms do not like close neighborhood. For them, the feeling of space and a lot of air around.

Best of all, they grow in greenhouses and winter gardens with high ceilings and enough space for all representatives of the flora.

Select Place, Temperature Mode and Lighting

The intuitive habit of putting a palm tree in a naked angle makes sense, especially if it is illuminated by natural daylight through the window throughout the day. The shadow side of the room, as well as the unconnected angle, is unsuitable for the placement of the pot, as the lack of light will negatively affect the level of photosynthesis, it means on the color of foliage. Some varieties of palm can live in the shade, while most just die or stops their height.

Accommodation away from plants

Even those persistent to the lack of light, copies will significantly fasten the leaves, and their size decreases.

Watering and humidity

Where palm trees grow in a natural medium, it is quite humid and warm. Therefore, it is necessary to water it so that the soil in the pot has always been wet, but not overcooked.

Attention! The state of the land in the pot should not resemble a swamp. If the water remains on the surface of the soil and turns into a puddle, such a land palm does not fit, it is necessary to change the soil, a pot drain and equipped with a pallet.

Since in the summer months the plant needs abundant irrigation, but at the same time it is afraid of water stagnation, it is necessary to provide it with a capacity that will collect extra moisture. The deep pallet is needed to ensure that the water harvested in it is evaporated, providing humidity with air near palm trees.

In winter, the amount of irrigation should be reduced if the room becomes cool and raw. In cases where the quality of heating copes with maintaining the temperature of the room above + 22˚C, the amount of irrigation is not worth cut, since the microclimate is comparable to the summer indicators.

Important! The exception is Washington and Brahue, which is important to reduce the temperature in the winter period to + 10˚C.

The plant loves moist air, it breathes them through a large surface area of ​​their leaves. In order for the palm to receive enough air and moisture out of the environment, it is recommended to spend the whole greenery every day. During the periods, when the humidity of the room turns into dampness, it is not necessary to moisten the plant (usually it occurs in the spring and autumn, when the heating has not yet turned on (or turned off), and on the street the temperature does not rise above + 13 ° C).

Choosing soil

Palm trees grow well in the lungs breathable substrates that do not commemorate, it means that freely transmitting excess water into the pallet. Proper palmal care at home begins with the composition of the substrate. There is no need to independently search for components of the proper soil, measuring the amount of substances and knead them. In most flower shops, ready-made soil mixtures for palm trees are sold. They are universal for any varieties and are fully prepared for use.

Attention! Before planting palm in a pot, you need to fit the drainage to the drainage, which will remove the excess moisture from the roots.

Required drainage

If you want to prepare the soil for a tropical favorite yourself, you can use the following composition:

  • 1 part of the sand;
  • 2 parts of fertile land;
  • 1 part leveling.

Fertilizer and subordinate

You have just purchased a palm tree, nor replant the first 14 days. The plant requires adaptation to new conditions. After two weeks, it is possible to make fertilizers, pre-mixed the soil.

Palm trees like organic substances obtained from planting processes, like a natural process that flows in subtropical latitudes of the mainland South America, as well as on the islands and in the tropics, when the fallen green plants stood soil, overload and become natural fertilizer.

Many flower products are recommended to soak in large capacities of a cow or avian litter, to withstand it for 5-7 days, to polish and fertilize with this solution of palm trees. The way of feeding is effective, but what to do a city inhabitant who wants to feed his palm tree and does not know where to take a cow manure? The solution is.

Modern flower shops have a chicken litter in the form of granules that do not smell and look like pressed sawdust. They are great for the feeding of green beauties during the period of active growth - from April to October.

Additional Information. Different fertilizer manufacturers recommend their doses for breeding. Before use, you must familiarize yourself with the information on the packaging and follow the recommendations received.

Causes of damage of foliage and methods of treatment

Pride of each palm tree is her foliage. Therefore, when the appearance of greenery flows up, the hostess begin to analyze the situation in search of a response to the question, why the leaves are beginning to shook at the palm tree.

Yellow leaves

There is a biological reason, in no way associated with diseases or improper care - the old leaves dry out and die off, at the same time they grow new. This is a natural process. To save an attractive appearance, you can cut a yellow instance.

Yellowing and drying the tips of the leaves

When yellow tips began to appear on a large number of leaves, it is worth looking for a cause in the plant content. Caring for palm trees at home should ensure the absence of drafts.

Beginner flower products are often due to excessive concerns about plants poured tropical beauties, fearing soil drying. Palm roots really love moisture, but at the same time they are afraid of hauling, so at the first manifestations of the yellowed foliage tips, irrigation should be analyzed.

Dry and locked air indoors can spoil palm leaves. In the absence of an air humidifier, it is necessary to carry out frequent spraying of foliage with soft water. Once a week, if there is opportunity, the plant can be broken, rubbing it from a dusty flying that interferes to breathe.

White raid on the leaves

The most common and safe cause of white plaque on the leaves is the use of rigid water. The moisture from the surface evaporates, and the limestone or salt flare remains and clogs the pores of the plant, worsening its condition. If rigid water flows in the plumbing, it is necessary to defend it for watering and spraying palm trees. We will have to start a separate bucket, in which there will always be tap water, from which chlorine will evaporate, and impurities sow on the bottom.

White raid from fungus

The second reason for the appearance of a white plaque on the palm is a fungal infection. It develops with an excess of moisture in the air, that is, when the room is cool and raw. In order to prevent the infection of the fungus, the palmons are not sprayed in the offseason.

Additional Information. You can get rid of the already obtained infection by treating fungicides and trimming infected leaves.

Instructions for reproduction palm

The method of reproduction of palm trees depends on its type. Flowering breeds that give seeds can be germinated by naturally - from seeds and stones. Not blooming varieties breed vegetatively.

Vegetative reproduction

Many flower flowes wants to know how the palm tree is multiplied with a vegetative way if it is most often only one barrel. To multiply even such a plant can be vegetatively. To do this, it is enough to cut the upper part of the escape, separating the bottom of the resulting cutting of the sheets. Place the process into a pot with a fertile substrate, moisturize and maintain at room temperature. To accelerate the rooting process, you can create a greenhouse, covering the plant with a glass jar or film. After the appearance of the roots, the greenhouse disassembled.

Cultivation of bones or seeds

Rail a new palm with seeds. To do this, it is not necessary to wait for a neighbor's adult plant blooms - bones and seeds are sold in flower shops. The palm will be propagated only from fresh landing material, so it is necessary to pay attention to what the year of packing is specified - if more than two years has passed, it is better to refuse such a set.

Ripening seeds

How to grow palm from seeds, step-by-step instructions:

  1. Carefully cover the dense sheath of the bone or seed without damaging the kernel.
  2. Place the seed material in warm water.
  3. Expect the swelling of seeds, to increase the percentage of germination of water to change 1 time per day.
  4. Switching seed to deepen into a fertile substrate, pour, cover with a film.
  5. After the appearance of the sprouts, the film can be removed.

Attention! Palm seeds germinate for quite a long time, no need to dispose of sowing material if he did not give sprouts even in a month.

What to choose: Pot or Press

Palm pot, as well as for other plants, is preferable to take from natural materials. Such a container will allow the roots to breathe, will not create conditions for the occurrence of rot.

Additional Information. If the pot has already been bought, and it is plastic, it is not worth getting rid of it, because it is possible to transplant the palm to it. In this case, it will have to regularly loosen the land, providing air exchange for roots to make the meeting with fungus.

A large woodenhouse is perfect for an adult plant, it can be placed in it with a long-term palm tree, which is closely at its previous place. However, the transplantation of young plants should occur in the container corresponding to the size of the root system.

Will start in the room, the palm tree is not only beautiful, but also useful. It perfectly updates the composition of the air enriching it with oxygen, its appearance reminds of rest and the absence of worries. Some types of corruptible palm trees can be searched into several pots and get a rainforest, which will give the interior of a fresh look and inform the owners with its appearance if the air indoors starts to dry.

Video

Rail palm in the room is easy. And yet in the culture, especially in the residential room, the plant turns out to be very far from those that make up its natural habitat and, of course, often suffers from lack of light, dry air, hypothermia, or, on the contrary, overheating. In order for the palm to look healthy and beautiful, it is necessary to try to create her conditions as close as possible to those in which it grows in nature.

Accommodation in apartments

The vast majority of palm trees are light-loving plants. In conditions of moderate and northern latitudes in the room, they experience a sharp lack of light. If you are haunting the goal to decorate the interior most spectacular way and for this you need to put a palm tree somewhere in the corner, away from the window, you are cutting it in advance for death. Usually palm trees put on the lightest place, as closer to the window or directly on the windowsill. Especially favorable lighting conditions they get on the windows of Eastern, South and Western orientation. Palm

Northern windows are little suitable for cultivation of palm trees. Only a separate species of palm trees (Humedorius, Likuala, Hove Sea, Rapis), in nature in the lower wood tier or undergrowth, prefer a half-directed or even shaded location and feel good from the northern windows.

At the same time, placing palm trees on the southern and southwestern windows, it must be remembered that almost none of them for a very small exception, in hot spring and summer days does not tolerate direct sunlight, suffering from overheating.

The scorching sun causes burn stains on the leaves and the rapid drying of the earth coma. In serious cases, the entire sheet can also die. Especially destroyed by direct sunlight for young seedlings under 3-4 years old, who in their homeland in the first years of life grow in the shade of other plants. Therefore, on the southern windows at midday hours, and on the southwestern time in the afternoon palm trees need to be dialed with the help of light curtains, blinds, paper. Especially careful shading should be given to young copies contained on the windowsill.

In the rooms, light is usually one-sided, outgoing from the window. In order to grow a beautiful, evenly desirable plant from all sides, a pot with a palm tree should be regularly turned in such a way that a young developing leaf is directed to the deployment. Otherwise, Palma will grow one-sided.

Temperature mode

Due to the large scattering of palm trees on latitudinal belts, different types of them represent different requirements for heat. In accordance with the attachment of those or other types to two climatic zones - tropical or subtropical - all palm trees can be divided into two main groups: the palms of warm content and the palm of cool content in winter.

Palms of tropical origin (arc, veicia, lithocarium, cariot, coconut palm, likual, ​​eutherpa) are well rising in the temperature range from 18-24 degrees. With a decrease in the room in the room, where they are located below 18 degrees, even during the winter months, negatively affects them, although a highly elevated temperature in winter (above 22 degrees) is also harmful for them. Tropical palm trees located on the windows often suffer in winter from the supercooling of the earth coma, and, consequently, the root system due to the cold air current coming from the windows. In such conditions, the roots are poorly absorbed by moisture and can refuse. You can isolate plants from a cold window sill, putting them on a low (1-2 centimeter) bench or board, or by placing pots with plants in a box or any other container filled with sawdust, moss, peat or clay. It protects well from the cold foam. Palm

The palms of the second group taking place from the areas with a subropy climate are not only resistant to relatively low temperatures, but even prefer the cool content in winter. At this time, the plants are in the state of relative peace and all life processes are slowed. Optimal winter temperatures for various types of subtropical palm trees range from 6-16 degrees. At the same time, one of them (Hameropeau, Rapis, Trachikarpus, Washingtonia, Palma) Feel better at a cooler wintering (6-12 degrees), while others (Hove Sea, Archontophenix, Livinson, Poultryman) prefer a slightly warmer content in winter Time (12-16 degrees).

Create such conditions for wintering in the residential room is quite difficult. Small palm trees on the window can be burned from the warm room with a curtain, protect against hot air heating battery with some shield, large copies take out into a glazed loggia, ensuring light air heating using electrical appliances. The air temperature can also be reduced by ventilating the room, but do not allow drafts and ensure that the jet of cold air does not get on the plants. In the summer, the air circulation indoors is a prerequisite for the room content of most palm trees, especially subtropical. However, the majority of subtropical palm cultivated in the rooms in rooms is completely remedied with inappropriate natural requirements with elevated winter temperatures.

In itself, the high temperature in the rooms in winter is not harmful, but in combination with increased dryness of air, inevitable indoors with central heating, it can adversely affect the state of the plants. To avoid this, you need to provide them with the corresponding moisture mode. Subtropical palm trees are very useful in the summer, from June to September, to endure on the open air - on the veranda, balcony, in the garden. At the same time, the conditions of lighting change dramatically. The plants seek gradually to the sun, at first squeezing them in the shade of trees. Only a week later, they are moved into a lighter place, gradually increasing the duration of their stay in the sun. And only after such "hardening" they are installed on a permanent place.

Plants outdoors, it is necessary to keep in mind that the overwhelming majority of palm trees are very sensitive to overheating on the midday sun. It is better to keep them in a half. It is impossible to carry plants immediately after the spring transplant or transshipment. This can be done no earlier than in a month, since the plant should go from "stress" caused by a transplantation in the familiar room for it. Palm

It is very important to protect the plants made into the garden from the wind, which can rip or break the leaves. In addition to the fact that the plant as a result acquires an untidy look, damaged areas are easily affected by mushroom herbs. You should also consider the protection of such plants from a strong shower and even more habitual, which can damage the leaves.

Some gardeners, bringing out plants in the garden, roll pots and pans with palm trees to the ground on ½ -1/3 of their heights. However, this creates a threat to the lesion of plants by pests or causative agents of diseases penetrating the soil through the drainage hole in the root com. In addition, the roots of palm trees through drainage holes or cracks in the bottom of the pipe are easily ground into the ground. Therefore, pots and palm trees are better to put on any supports. For all indoor palm trees like tropical and subtropical origin, the temperature difference is very desirable from day to night. Optimally, the night temperature should be two or three degrees (in some cases five) below the day.

Watering

The existence of each plant is in close dependence on moisture content in the soil and air. From beginner lovers, it is often necessary to hear the question: "How often should I water this or that plant?" It is impossible to answer unambiguously on it, for the frequency of watering depends on a number of factors - the species affiliation of the plant, the conditions of its habitat in the homeland, the time of year and the state of the weather, the illumination and temperature of the air indoors, the size of the plant and the state of its root system at the moment.

In general, for the overwhelming majority of plants, including palm trees, there is an unshakable rule: the plant is watered as the earthy koma lines. Usually palm trees are watered when the land in the pot dried to the middle of the coma. True, sometimes in imperative irrigation - daily, but scarce - only the upper layer of the Earth is wetted, while the lower part of the coma remains dry. The need for watering is determined to the touch or with the help of a wooden stick, slightly bursting it with it, or by sound when tapping on the wall of the wall (the dry pot makes a ringing sound, moist - deaf) or, finally, in weight the pot (dry pot is much easier than wet).

With each watering, the plant must be given as much water so that it goes into the earthen com, and excess water came out through drainage holes in the pallet. Watering the plant is better not in a hurry in several techniques, so that the water gradually wet the com, and did not run away too quickly into the pallet through the cracks in the dry ground, did not have time to moisten it. The excess of water, which was gathering in the pallet or cachep, is drained so as not to reject the roots, although individual gardeners hold the opinions that in hot summer days some species of palm trees (chamedoria, lithuan, lithocarium) should be left for a day in the pallet with water, and to merge water only at night. Palm

All palm trees are characterized by one common feature: they do not tolerate the cutting of the earth coma. To dry up the fellow palm, reacts the yellowing and drying of the tips of the leaves. With a continuous tube, the leaves are delivered and rejected by the book. And no matter how abundantly do not water the plant after that, to restore the former position of the leaves the palm itself is not able. To help her in this. Leaves pull up up and tie together. With a strong drill of the earthen koma, the pot with a palm tree should be immersed in deep dishes with water so that the water is completely covered with the earth, and the plant itself is sprayed. The pot is removed from the water when air bubbles will stop appearing on the surface of the earth coma.

No less dangerous, and for some species, palm trees are simply depleted with irrigation. The permanent excess of moisture in the soil makes it difficult to access the air to the roots, as a result of which the roots are bumping and gradually die away. Especially disappointingly affects the systematic moistener when wintering plants in a cool room or on a cold window. As can be seen from what has been said, there is no irrigation of weak or strong, and only frequent and rare.

When they talk about abundant irrigation, implies frequent, about moderate - more rare.

In abundant watering, palms need spring and summer months, during the period of active growth, when the roots absorb a lot of moisture from the soil, and the leaves also evaporate. At this time, the plants are watered daily, and in particularly hot days - even 2 times a day, only in raw cloudy weather - every other day. In winter, when plants are in the state of relative rest, they are watered moderately, i.e. Once every 3-5 days. Young specimens - more often, old perfection - less often. In general, the frequency of watering palm trees in winter depends on the air temperature indoors. The higher the temperature, the land the air, the faster the Earth enhances the pot, therefore, the more often the plant should be water. If the pot with a palm tree is in the immediate vicinity of the hot heating battery, watering the palm will have to be as often as in the summer. But with a cool wintering, for example, when placing young plants in a cool room or on a cold window sill, watering plants should be very careful, not allowing stagnation of water in a pot. In winter, the overalling of the earth coma is much more dangerous for the palm trees than the Pub.

Water for watering should be warm, room temperature or 2-3 degrees above (i.e. 22-24 degrees) and soft, weakly acid (pH 5.5-6). When watering with tap water, mostly quite rigid, it is recommended to defend it for 1-2 days or slightly acidify with oxal or lemon acids that precipitate calcium.

Air humidity

Palm trees, like other types of plants that occur from areas with a wet tropical climate, being transferred to the conditions of culture, often suffer from dry air in the room, as evidenced by the raging tips of their leaves. In combination with high temperature, this happens often the main obstacle to growing palm trees in the rooms. Only relatively few of them (Trachikarpus, Hameronopes, Canary and Phieno, Trinaks, Sabal), sustainable dry air.

It is possible to increase the humidity of the air in the immediate vicinity of the cultivated palm trees by sprinkling them from the pulvericator. This achieves not only the humidification of air, but the danger of overheating of the leaves in hot sunny days is reduced. The spraying of plants on the leaves is especially important for young, just transplanted seedlings, as well as for all species originating from wet tropics, especially for small and dwarf palm trees living in the undergrowth of a wet tropical forest in a permanent shade (likual) or mountain forests (Hamedoriya) , In terms of high air saturation moisture. For them, spraying is not less, but sometimes a more important procedure than watering. Palm

For spraying, enjoy a heat-cooked water, preferably relaxed, for example, boiled, rain, melt free of salts. Otherwise, salt stains will remain on the leaves. In the summer, in the hot weather, palm trees spray 2 times a day - in the morning and closer in the late afternoon, in the cool - do not spray at all. It is impossible to spray plants under direct sunlight. In the fall and in winter, when the palm trees are kept in a cool room, the spraying is stopped, indoors with high temperature and dry air spray daily in the morning.

You can also increase the humidity of the air, placing wide containers with water with water or placing pots with palm trees to pallets or cachepo filled with wet moss, peat, clayjit or gravel. The same goals can also serve as miniature room fountains that have now appeared on sale.

But if so happened so. That the tips of the leaves dried and punched, they are cut down slightly above the borders of the drying. Trim leaves up to live fabric should not, as it will only speed up their further drying.

Kneading leaves

Palm leaves should be regularly, better weekly, but no less often than once a month, wash it dry water to remove dust from them, as well as for prophylaxis from pests. They are wiped on both sides with a damp sponge or moistened in water with a soft cloth. It is necessary to do it carefully, without removing the omitting or waxing (if it is). In case of damage to the hairs on the leaves and erasing of the wax layer, the leaf fabric is exposed, and this can lead to the formation of necrotic spots. In the summer it is useful sometimes to set the plants to the balcony or in the garden under the fine rain, not forgetting at the end of the rain immediately carry them back to the room so that they do not happen by chance in the sun.

In recent years, the practice of covering plant leaves, including palm trees, a special preparation that gives it shine has been rooted. Experienced gardeners do not advise this, and if you have to resort to this method in special cases, you need to use more weak concentrations than indicated in the annotation to the drug.

It is also necessary to follow the purity of the pots themselves, which, with abundant irrigation, are often covered with mold, algae, salt layers, blocking pores in the walls of the pot and impede air access to roots. Pots are wiping with a wet rag moistened in hot water, and then dry. Some lovers add a little salt into the water, then the mold appears not so quickly. Palm

Fertilizers for palm

In addition to nutrients that palm gets from the soil, the plants are necessary in spring and summer, from April to August, during the period of intensive growth regularly, once every two weeks to feed organic and mineral fertilizers. This contributes to more intensive growth, affects the color of the leaves and their size, increases the stability of plants to diseases.

Faced only healthy, normally developed plants. Weak and patients, as well as freshly-free palm trees in the first month - one and a half after the transplant should not be fertilized. Do not need fake and young seedlings, which in the first year of life with frequent transshipments each time receive fresh portion of the nutritional land.

If adult palm trees that have not been transplanted for a long time, with a depleted soil contain in winter in a warm, fairly light room, they are fed and in the winter months, but not more often than once a month, a weak fertilizer solution.

Before feeding the plant is necessarily watered to avoid burning roots. Feed the plants better on cloudy days or in the evening. Liquid fertilizers should be made carefully, trying not to fall on the leaves, organic fertilizers of a long-acting - a horny chips, bone or blood flour - usually contribute to the soil mixture when transplanting plants.

For feeding, the easiest way is to use ready-made comprehensive female mixtures, balanced through all nutrition elements, including trace elements that in abundance offers a floral market. They are produced in liquid form, granules and powders, as well as in the form of fertilizing durable sticks. Of these, it is possible to recommend: "Oasis" for palm trees (Farm), gel-like fertilizer "Effectton" (Seliger-Agro company), Liquid fertilizer "Garden of Miracles" (FART), fertilizer wands "Satisterra". The following principle should be followed: it is better to fertilize weak solutions, but more often than strong, but rarely. Highly concentrated solutions can harm the plant.

Extra-green subcords

Along with ordinary fertilizers, which are made to the ground, highly efficient effects on the growth and condition of palm trees have extractive feeders with a weak urea solution (0.5-1.0%). Also, extractive treatment of palm trees is also very helpful. Palm room - will decorate in your home. Good luck to you.

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How to care for palm trees at home

Palms are exotic "beauties" that instantly transform home interior and bring the atmosphere of tropics, reminding the sea coast, rest. There are many species of palm trees, among which you can choose suitable for interior decoration. Among the plants there are bushy, and one-barreled, and with a variety of foliage form. In natural conditions, palm trees can grow up to several meters in height.

How to care for palm trees at home

Many refuse to buy a tropical plant, because they simply have no idea how to care for palm trees. There are a lot of superstition that the flower will grow well only with the "easy" hand of the owner. There are no grounds for such statements, so if you wish, you can also purchase your favorite palm, care at home is easy.

Palm tree in the tropics

To grow the plant at home, it is required to provide him with enough space. Palma does not like close neighborhood with other representatives of plant culture. Many intuitively have them separately from other indoor landings. Palma need space. The most comfortable conditions are greenhouses and winter gardens.

Selection of the Place: Temperature Mode and Lighting

For most palm representatives, illuminated places are preferable, with a sufficient amount of daylight. Placing a pot in the shade is not suitable for all: foliage becomes faded, the magnitude of the leaves decreases. However, there are also such varieties that normally develop in shadow conditions.

Important! With a strong shadension, the palm tree can also dwell and even die. It is difficult for her to live and develop in such conditions.

Watering and humidity

In those places where palm trees grow, mostly high humidity and temperature. Therefore, during the cultivation of the house, it is necessary to systematically water the tree to maintain the soil in a wet state, while not overflowing.

Plant need to ensure the right water

What to do in case of overflow? It is necessary to immediately take steps in order not to start the process of rotting. This situation requires the replacement of the Earth to the new one. In the pot you need to put drainage and be sure to put it on the pallet. The pallet is necessary to collect excess water, which, when exposed to high temperatures, will simply evaporate, creating an atmosphere of high humidity around the plant.

Summer Palma needs frequent watering. In winter, the moisturizing of the Earth is reduced, especially when the room becomes cool and raw. If the temperature is maintained from +22 degrees and above, you can continue to water more often. Such a microclimate is similar to spring-summer period.

Attention! Washington and Brahi varieties require rest in winter. The temperature level should be up to +10 degrees.

Palma loves moistened clean air. This condition that needs to be followed to ensure the right departure for palm trees at home. To maintain moisture, make spraying every day. With high humidity in the apartment, you don't need to water and spray. Often spraying falls on the period in spring and autumn, when the heating is already turned off, and the temperature outside the window is low, not higher than +13 degrees.

Choosing soil

For the plant, you need a lightweight, breathable soil, which easily passes water when watering, without delaying it and not turning into a lump. Another important point, how to care for a home palm, is the composition of the soil. Proper soil with an excessive watering will pass water into the pallet.

You can choose the appropriate soil in a specialized store. In stock Often there is a soil for palm trees, which is well suited for landing. Therefore, do not cost waste time and effort and make a substrate yourself. Already ready-made soils are suitable for all species, it is tested by many flowers in practice.

Palm soil for sale in gardeners

Additional Information! Before planting palm trees, the bottom of the tank is assessed with drainage. It will take the excess water from the root system of the plant.

Drainage can be done independently, mixing river sand with fertile soil and humus (1: 2: 1). The procedure is simple, a beginner flower model will cope with it.

Fertilizer and subordinate

The first two weeks just the acquired palm will not fertilize and do not transplant. It must be left for a while alone so that it could be easily adapted in new environments.

After 14 days, it is already allowed to make the first feeding, before moistening the soil. Palma loves additional nutrition from the organic. It is obtained as a result of the natural process of rotting parts of different plants. In the South American and South African Mainland, such fertilizer is "greens", covering the surface of the soil, which over time overtakes and becomes a feeder for palm trees.

Attention! Some flower products are recommended to make feeding on their own. To do this, you need to soak the litter of chickens or the manure of cows in a large capacity for 5-7 days. Strain the infusion obtained and apply it as an organic fertilizer.

To feed palm trees, you can buy a chicken chicken in a granular form, which absolutely does not smell and looks like a sawdust of the tree. This is an effective adherent for exotic plants in the period from April to October, when intensive growth and development goes.

Buying fertilizers from different manufacturers, you need to carefully read the instructions for use, especially with regard to dosages, and follow these recommendations.

Problems with leaves - Determination of the cause and elimination

Palm decorativity - in her green, saturated foliage, which pleases the eye throughout the year. For this reason, when greens begins to lose a beautiful view, the owner involuntarily wonders, why yellow leaves from the palm tree.

Four leaves are not always a sign of illness

There are several answers to this question. First of all, the yellowing of foliage can be a natural process, in no way associated with diseases or inappropriate care. Just the leaves came to fade and fall out, because their life time came to an end. This is normal. To preserve decorative in this case, cut the yellow parts.

Yellowing and drying the tips of the leaves

When the palm trees are massively the yellowing of the leaves at the ends, it is necessary to pay special attention to the leaving for the plant. Most likely, the reason why foliage begins to dry - in improper care or inappropriate conditions of content.

Important! Frequent newbies error - excess watering. It is not worthwhile to water the new plant after the acquisition.

Drafts are another reason why the tips begin to shut and sink. In this case, you need to transplant the palm to another place or exclude the cause of the appearance of drafts. However, the ventilation is necessary. The stiff and dry air also leads to the yellowness of foliage.

If there is no natural humidifier, spend a spray from the sprayer. For the procedure take a soft, dilated water temperature. Once in 7 days it is recommended to "bathe" a palm tree, cleaning leaves from the dust.

White raid on the leaves

The common cause of white plaque on the foliage is watering and spraying with rigid tap water. As a result, all moisture evaporates, leaving on the green mass of the remnants of salts, lime. Such a plaque clogs the pores and does not allow to fully breathe leaves. This leads to loss of decorativeness. The general condition of the plant becomes worse, because for development and health it needs oxygen.

To avoid the appearance of the plaque, it is required to choose a container for settling water from the water pipeline and dial water to water in advance. After a few days, the impurities will fall on the bottom and you can safely use this water for watering and spraying.

White raid on the leaves

Another reason is infected with fungus. Favorable conditions for its development - excess water, dampness, coolness. For this reason, during the periods between the seasons, the spraying is not carried out. When the infection has already happened, the fungicides affected plants are treated, and the contaminated leaves are removed.

Palm reproduction - Instructions for growing

As palm varies, it completely depends on its type. For flowering varieties that form seeds, a natural method is suitable for seeds or bones. Slowing specimens multiply extremely vegetatively.

Vegetative reproduction

For novice flower flows is of interest, as the palm tree reproduction occurs in a vegetative way, when it has one single trunk. Even such a plant is the ability to propagate vegetatively.

For this, it is carried out a cut of the upper part of the escape, separating the bottom from the leaves. Stink ready. It is placed in a pot with fertile soil. Conduct moisturizing by maintaining room temperature.

Tip! For faster rooting, the cutlets make an artificial greenhouse covering with a can or film. When the roots appear, they are cleaned.

Cultivation of bones or seeds

There is another, easier way to grow a new palm tree, from scratch - plant a bone or seeds. They can be bought in specialized stores, carefully studied the packaging. It should contain the germination of seeds, the year of packing, what time of storage and other useful information.

For reproduction of palm, only fresh material is suitable. Therefore, seeds, bones, which for more than two years, is better not to acquire.

Bone cultivation process uncomplicated

Step by step instructions, how to grow palm trees:

  1. Gently make an incision on the planting material. As a rule, the shell of seeds and bones is dense.
  2. Place in warm water and are waiting for the seeds swell. To the germination was more, daily change water to fresh.
  3. After swelling, the seeds are cleared: plunged into the ground, they are watered, covered with a film from above.
  4. When sprouts appear, the shelter is removed.

Important! To germinate, the seed needs a lot of time, sometimes even a month. Therefore, you should not hurry to throw out the seating, if it is not a sprouted for 30 days.

Choice Pot or Palm Tanks

Palm pots preferably acquire from natural materials. It is such a container that will deliver the desired amount of air to the root system. Due to this, the probability of the appearance of rotes is reduced.

Suitable and plastic pot. In it, the plant can also develop successfully. Only the car's care in such a capacity should be more thorough: it is necessary to provide frequent weeding and loosening to allow roots to breathe.

A large-sized wood jam is ideal for an adult plant. It can be transplanted with a palm tree, which has become closely on the old place. However, there is a feature, how to transplant palm trees at a young age: exclusively those containers are suitable, which are suitable for the root system.

Palma in the house is an excellent way to decorate the interior, as well as to improve the composition of the air, filling it with oxygen. The appearance of an exotic plant will bring warmth and comfort, creating a relaxing and relaxed atmosphere. From various species, you can make the most real "homemade" tropics. Palmage care is simple. For a beginner flower, it will not be difficult to grow an evergreen village at home.

Room palm at home: how to care for a decorative plant

Palms are practically not found in a temperate climatic belt and colder regions of the planet. Despite this, they can be attributed to the most adaptive kinds of wildlife.

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Room palm enjoys a lot of popularity in colorful thanks to its unusual exotic appearance.

These plants have become popular in decorating due to their presentable appearance. Palma room acts as a key element of the interior well combined with other plants. One of the amazing properties of Palm is endurance in unusual conditions.

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Some subspecies easily withstand strong frosts and other adverse factors. They can be seen in many institutions and gardens around the world, including regions with a predominance of a cold period a year. Palms can grow indoors and do not require careful care. It is possible to engage in their cultivation without gardening experience. All you want to know about palm leave at home, tell me in this article.

Bamboo Types of Palm

They are of different sizes and with a different form of leaves, expensive and cheap. The most common types of palm trees that we will talk below:

  • bamboo;
  • Sagovy;
  • fan.

This article will help you figure out the great set of palm trees, which will allow you to choose the most suitable option for an apartment or office.

Popular views of the bedroom palm trees: varieties, photos, title, description

Palm trees are the most recognizable plants in the world, while the area of ​​their habitat may be limited not only by warm regions, but also in several islands. In total, the family has more than 3,000 separate varieties. Everyone can find a detailed description.

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Komnatnaya-Palma-Foto-Video-Vidy-Palm-Nazvanie-I-Opisanie-Rasteniya

Some palm trees are somehow brushes (if you take into account the fan of their foliage). The name is literally translated as "palm". The varieties of this plant differ in their growth, shape of the leaves and stem, the density of the plates. The foliage can be like a fan, an umbrella, a fern, a dragerate or being lush and bulk. Palm trees have one or more trunks, and respectively, there are single-tissue and bush. Over time, they can be modified.

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Several stalks of the bush palm can be united in one in the process of their development. Depending on the type of leaves, palm trees are classified on pasty and fan. The first type is characterized by a parallel location of plates attached to the central alcohol. A distinctive feature of fanish palm trees is the fastening of all the leaves to the cutter at one point.

Popular types of indoor palm trees include:

  • date palm;
  • Ropalostilis;
  • cariot;
  • Beeke;
  • RAPIS.

Room palm Brahiya

This is a fan palm tree growing on the southwest coast of the United States and in Mexico; Named in honor of the scientist Quiet Brage. The barrel is expanded at the base and has a diameter to half a meter. It remains scars from dead foliage. The leaves themselves have very tough pointed endings. This species combines well with other plants, so it can be found in different gardens and orangene. Substitutions differ in size, which makes it possible to grow them for different purposes. During flowering, many inflorescences appear.

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Brother's bedroom palm (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Brother's bedroom palm (click on the photo to enlarge).

Seeds - about 2 cm in size, have a round shape. Palma Brahiya Rights rapidly and requires attentive care. It is necessary to water it. But it is preferable that it receives water is often not exposed to an abrasiveness of moisture during watering. The bright rays of the sun for palm trees are harmful, while it can withstand cold to +8 ° C.

Room Palm Bouti

This palm tree also belongs to the Palm family. For leaves, a periodist structure is characterized, and height varies from several tens of centimeters to 10 meters. In the interior cultivated the appearance of the duct. In natural conditions, its trunk can reach 6 meters in length. The name was the sound thickening near the root.

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Room Palm Boution (Click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room Palm Boution (Click on the photo to enlarge).

Leaves U. Palves of Boution Hard, arcuate, long-coal. They consist of dozens of sword-shaped fractions with a loose location. The front part has a green color with the shades of the SIZAL. The reverse side of the leaves of the same color, but pale. Cuthes are wrapped in felt (in young) or small spikes (in adults). As the palm trees develop, the lower leaves die and creep. This explains the peculiarity of the appearance of the trunk. Plant blooms in late spring and June. In late October - early September, edible fruits ripen.

This plant is distributed in such countries:

  • Brazil;
  • Paraguay;
  • Argentina.

Palma Washingtonia

Distribution area in nature - Dry areas of the southwest of the United States. The most famous two types of this plant - Robusta and Fiorifer. The second subspecies is also called a nittenable palm. He received such a name because of the "beard", which is formed in adults from false foliage. In the natural environment, these threads envelop the tree, completely hiding the trunk. The first subspecies is more common in Mexico, it is inferior in the size of the American variety.

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Room palm Washington (click on the photo to enlarge).
Room palm Washington (click on the photo to enlarge).

У Washingtonal palms Large finger leaves. It will take a warm, illuminated place for growing, without direct sunlight. In winter, it is necessary to give less water than in summer. Excess will affect the appearance of this palm tree. Washington is unpretentious, but dead parts need to delete in a timely manner. At the age of 5 years, this palm requires more space and gardeners have to look for a more spacious place.

Room palm hypoorp

Palma hypoorp , called another bottle palm tree, grows in the island areas of the Indian Ocean. In natural conditions, height does not exceed seven meters. The hypoofrup has a seal in the middle of the trunk. He himself is smooth, without scars and other formations. Curish elements give the pillars of the presentable species. The hypoorp requires careful care. The room temperature should not be descended below +16 ° C. It is not recommended to put it near the windows from the south side.

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Room palm is a hypoorp (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room palm is a hypoorp (click on the photo to enlarge).

The hypophuto need to water in time, and the leaves - wipe away from dust (but not during wintering). This palm tree grows slowly and if it gets sick, the recovery process will also be long. The deterioration of the state will signal dried foliage. So that this does not happen, you need to follow the humidity in the room. Next to the hymicor, you can put a water container or aquarium.

Room palm Hovi

Palma Hovy (Kenia) - One of the subspecies of the palls. This is an endemic plant of Lord Howe, not found in other places. There are three popular views of this palm tree:

  • Forster;
  • Large-scale;
  • Belmor.

The height in the natural environment comes up to 15 meters, and the length of the foliage is up to 5. Khovye has a wide sweeping crown. The surface of the trunk is the annular formation in the form of scars from dead foliage. Plant care is not difficult. All you need is to control soil moisture. This palm is often decorated with garden and park economy, offices, business centers.

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Room Palm Hove Sea (Click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room Palm Hove Sea (Click on the photo to enlarge).

Hovei does not require much care: can be long without moisture and outside the illumination zone. However, experts advise well to ventilate the premises and do not smoke next to it. The familiar temperature in which wild khoves grow is within + 20 ... + 25 ° C. The minimum temperature that it withstands is +10 ° C.

Room Palm Cariot.

Meet Palm Cariot In India, Indochite, other regions of South Asia. The genus includes more than 10 different species. The juice of this plant is a raw material for the manufacture of sugar and wine. Cariot leaves have split, and their edges are a special torn shape. They resemble fish tails. In the spring and summer, a lot of water is required, but you need to monitor the state of the soil so that the fluid does not accumulate there. With good caring care will grow rapidly.

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Room Palm Cariot (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room Palm Cariot (click on the photo to enlarge).

If desired, the development speed can be slowed down: for this you will need less frequently and less water with water. The external condition of cariots signals what errors are allowed when it is cultivated. If the amount of moisture consumed is insufficient - the leaves will yellow. The darkening of foliage speaks of the effect of low temperature. If pale dots appear on the carote, it means that the lighting is too strong.

The main subspecies of cariots:

Domestic carimate palm tree

Kariot soft (tender) or Fish Tail Palma (Caryota Mitis) - This type has many names. One of the methods of reproduction of such a plant, which can be used at home is the use of seeds. Also distinguished by the characteristic structure of a leaf resembling a fish tail, but more rounded shape. Palma has several trunks and forms siblings. So the tree lives long. At home does not exceed 1.5 meters.

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Kariota is soft (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Cariot gentle (click on the photo to enlarge).

Attitude to moisture - mesophytic. Nutrition Requirements - Eutroph. Requirement for lighting - light-chapter, shadowish. Features - used as decorative, easily cultivated. If the plant begins to lose decorativeness, ills, the most frequent reason is the lack of light. Make sure that the soil is not overcooked. With a shortage of some batteries, such as iron, magnesium and manganese, yellow spots can be formed on the leaves.

Liviston bedroom palm tree

It grows in many regions. This is the south of Asia, Australia, Malay Islands, Polynesia. The soil for the plant is the banks of rivers and wetland forest areas. Despite the fact that the leaves of the Libistons have a fan configuration, the plates are not completely dissected, but only three quarters. On the trunk of the plant there are traces of dead leaves from the stuffs. In nature, the height is more than 20 meters, and Decorative Livistones Grow to human growth.

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Liviston's bedroom palm (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Liviston's bedroom palm (click on the photo to enlarge).

This palm tree grows and height, and in width. The main subspecies of Libistons are Chinese and South. The first is developing slower, but also does not require much attention to himself. She is shadowed, but for the right development she needs a fairly free place. Libiston has a southern spectacular appearance. She has thick stem and long stuffs with sharp spikes.

Spectacular fan leaves are located on a thickened trunk. The leaflets have sufficiently long stuffs (up to 60 centimeters), on the surface of which there are sharp spikes of brownish color. It is an empty crown, so there is a certain free space.

Flowers Livistone lemon-grades are collected in a drooped brush, appear only in natural conditions, in indoor culture Palma Liviston Flowers very rarely. Unfortunately, often the ends of the leaves dry out, and lose a beautiful appearance. Drying can be prevented if you contain a palm tree at a temperature of 16-18 degrees of heat, as well as wash and spray with warm water.

Room Palm Rapeis

Gorgeous room " Bamboo Rape Outwardly, the most likely similar to an elegant bamboo. But not only his subtle numerous trunks resemble this most popular from oriental plants, it also has small, fan leaves (divided into five or ten segments). In favorable conditions on the palm, the inflorescences of the white or dairy shade are formed.

Papis is low (Rhapis Humilis) - a short, a bush plant with a height of 1-1.5 m. Sverheads are thin, 1-2 cm in diameter, dense-fibrous. Ferry leaves, deeply dissected almost to the base, at 7-8 segments, short, 20-25 cm long, hard, glossy, pointed on top.

Note! It does not grow high even in the natural medium, it has a thin trunk. The leaves are also very thin and tough.

The plant copes well with low humidity conditions and poor illumination. One of the features of Rapis is frost resistance - it is withstanding the temperature in -8 ° C. The optimal temperature range is between +15 ° C and +20 ° C.

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Roofing Palm (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Roofing Palm (click on the photo to enlarge).

This palm is well combined with the interior of the room and does not require much costs of its cultivation. To care for her, it is not necessary to be an experienced gardener. In summer, palm can be kept on street conditions, in the shade. The plant is better growing, if we water it with filtered water, but it is possible to control the humidity in the room. Soil for disembarking should be loose and acidic. The subspecies of Rapis are visually very similar.

Note! Bamboo Rapis is one of the most common species for decorative cultivation. The plant is very well adapted to the household conditions and does not require special conditions of content. The only thing - prefers bright but scattered light. In this case, it can be perfectly grown in half.

At sufficient good conditions Room Rapez Can be bloated by snow-white or ivory buton. Everyone, without exception, subspecies are multi-dimensional, sometimes producing several dozen thin barrels of a tubular or reed form. This representative is quite strict preferences to the temperature range to contain palm trees during the rest period.

Varieties of this palm:

Room palm Ropalostilis

Popular Palm Palm Ropalostlis . Rod has several types. The habitat in nature is Norfolk Island and New Zealand. Unlike many species of palm trees used in decorative purposes, with Ropalostilis, you need to be careful and paying care for it more time. Its stem is covered with circular scars from false foliage, the cutters are omitted. Leaves have greenish gray color.

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Room Palma Ropalostilis (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room Palma Ropalostilis (click on the photo to enlarge).

The lower parts of the foliage are slightly omitted. They are as close as possible, which allows the use of ropalostilis in the interior of small rooms. It has a protrusion in the trunk, similar to the leg. It can not be touched, otherwise the plant can perish. During the flowering period, this protrusion is similar to a bird tail. Water and feed ropalostosulosity. Of all the varieties are most famous Ropalostilis Bauer .

Cicas docking

Palm Tzikas - Another kind of indoor palm trees is the only typical genus recognized in the cicadic family. Total known about 95 fobs of the plant. The elegant representative of his species, always and everywhere, becoming the main star of the interior, albeit quite strict requirements for the conditions of its content, but is a persistent and hardy plant.

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CICAS RIDING (Click on the photo to enlarge).
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Cikas Siamese (click on the photo to enlarge).

Cikasu requires bright lighting, but the straight rays of the sun are contraindicated to him. In summer, it is possible to endure a plant on a balcony or terrace. The lack of illumination of the stalks of the plant is pulled and faded soon. Watering is also very important in the life of the plant, despite its drought resistance.

Note! CICAS is poisonous for people and animals when eating. Fixing, old leaves wrapping the trunk with their remnants, forming a kind of "wrapper" around the trunk. But they can fall to the floor, so follow your pets.

Domestic Palm Tsicas Siamese

Palm Tzikas - This is one of the oldest plants on Earth, but at the same time a good palm tree decorative, homemade. This sagovaya palm tree saw a civilization emerged, she remembers how dinosaurs looked like.

The height of the adult plant does not exceed 180 cm. The trunk has thickening only at the bottom, and at the top resembles a thin stem. On a pet, a narrow leaflets are located long.

Note! Reproduction - kids who appear on the mother trunk. After removing the kids, the cut is sprinkled with gray or crowded coal. Most often you can meet these segregatives in Indochier. Saudex plants reaches a two-meter height. The lower part of the trunk has a thickening of a tuber form.

Domestic Palm Tsicas Revolte

Decorative palm Cycas Revoluta - The most famous appearance of the kind of coagovis, which is grown in apartments. His Motherland - Japan and China, applies to the number of high-tech indoor plants, so very widely used as a living decoration of the apartment and during the design of winter gardens. Pretty compact, in connection with which the special recognition in the circles of flower flows. A small thickened escape of this species crowns a socket consisting of 10-15 peristened sheets of dark green.

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CICAS REVOLUTE (click on the photo to enlarge).
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CICAS REVOLUTE (click on the photo to enlarge).

Despite its similarity with ferns, the seaglists unlike them do not like the shadow. The congener grows well only with good lighting. The leaves are unpaired, are located in the form of a ring, achieve, as a rule, up to 70 cm long, but in favorable conditions, in old instances, their length can reach 150 cm.

Room palm Sabal

Palma Sabal - Alternative to Palma and Hammerance. It can be considered one of the most beautiful palm trees.

Fero-shaped evergreen leaves of palm trees are split on feathers (segments) almost to the base of the plate. Segments have two-part ends. The sheet of leaf is continued in a leaf plate in the form of a rod - Rakhis, sometimes it is stretched almost to the top of the top, forming the middle ridge and the flexing plate it gives the leaves a greater strength.

Veser Sabaly has a beautiful color, but it is not very popular among gardeners. The foliage is initially straight, but with age gradually loses direct. Plates are deeply rolled and combined well with stiffs.

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Room Palm Sabal (click on the photo to enlarge).
Room Palm Sabal (click on the photo to enlarge).

Sabal is known for its healing properties. Oils and medical preparations are made from its wood and extracts, which are widely known in some countries. Dwarf Sabal is one of the many species of this kind. It can be chosen as a decorative plant due to durability and unpretentiousness at home. At first, Sabal grows slowly and begins to develop hard after many years. In this, it differs from all other representatives of the Palm family.

Note! Sabal is one of the most unpretentious palm trees. It prefers bright lighting, but it is worth avoiding direct sunlight, because of them, spots can be formed on the leaves.

In total, 16 species are known, in appearance several resembling palm trees of Chamaerops. Palm Fruit Sabal is today one of the most popular sources of production of plant preparations for the treatment of prostate diseases. Berries that are the most valuable part of the plant are oily berries - single-bedains, dark brown colors.

Room palm traccarpus

Palm Trachikarpus (Latin name trachycarpus) - genus plants of the Palm family (AreCaceae, Palmae). Currently, this genus includes only nine species. Pretty interesting and promising specimens for gardening, in hot countries. Often are used to landscap the streets in regions with subtropical and temperate climates, as well as frame and potted plants in cooler climatic zones. An obvious representative of the decorative palm for the house.

It is distributed in the subtropical regions of the planet. This is one of the most frost-resistant childbirth. The plant copes with a temperature of up to -10 ° C, but not worth growing it in the open space. Trachicarpus can be found in winter gardens and large lobby. This palm has grown slowly. If there is such an opportunity, then in summer, the trachicarpus needs to be moved closer to fresh air. For the growth of palm, comfortable condition is needed - air temperature + 18 ... + 25 ° C, but if the temperature in the room is slightly higher or lower, then there is no need to adjust it or carry a plant.

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Room palm traccarpus (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room palm traccarpus (click on the photo to enlarge).

Note! For young plants, window sills of Eastern and Western windows are suitable. Large copies are in the depths of the rooms, in offices. A good choice will be a wall between the windows: some shading at noon, and abundant light at sunrise / sunset. Trachicarpus refers to downtown plants, men's and women's flowers are located on different copies. The plant is used to landscap in office and residential premises, halls, botanical gardens.

In the room with the trachicarpus should not be forced. If there is an unpleasant odor in it, then it must be immediately told. In winter, the trachicarpus needs to be transferred to a colder place. During wintering, the temperature near the palm should not exceed +16 ° C.

Date palm

Phoenix (chip, palm palm) is chosen due to the fact that it is easy to grow from the bone. Throughout the day, the plant should receive as many scattered light as possible, and this applies to all seasons of the year. Picking is poorly tolerates stagnant air. The top of the palm trees should be directed from the light source, to the central part of the room. It is necessary so that the plant grow is even more. It is impossible to allow stagid liquid in the soil - this can lead to rotting. Watering should be reduced if brown spots appear on the leaves.

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Room palm palm tree (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room palm palm tree (click on the photo to enlarge).

If the pike palm tree began to darken evenly, then you need to change the soil to fresh. The leaves of the date are very sensitive: if the earth will dry, they can fall. Their initial form will not recover. For complex care it is necessary to water palm with soft water: snow or rain, depending on the season.

Room palm Khamedoriya

Room palm Khamedoriya - This genus is a representative of the family, the first and most common pattern of the view of the indoor palm trees. The birthplace of these interesting palm trees is the Mountain Area of ​​America and Mexico. From others these palm trees are distinguished by unpretentiousness. Hamedoriya is a moisture-loving flower and speaks very well to frequent spraying. In nature, it grows in forests receiving a lot of precipitation. Both in the summer and in winter, it is moisturized at least twice a day. One of the few thin-government representatives with a bush form. Most often, several trunks are growing in a pot, which go into openwork pastry leaves, due to the decorative properties of which they grown by chamedore at home.

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Room Palma Hamedorius (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room Palma Hamedorius (click on the photo to enlarge).

Hamedoriya is also called " Bamboo palm tree " In natural conditions, the plant is well protected from such adverse factors as the scorching sun or strong cold winds. It does not interfere with its cultivation in room conditions at low humidity. Hamedorius can have both one and several trunks, that is, have shrubide rhizomes.

Some people are mistaken, believing that several stems growing nearby, these are separate plants. However, chamedores with one barrel can be planted in the proximity of each other. Croon plants are very magnificent and thick. For this palm, there is a danger of such an insect as a web tick, so you need to closely follow the state of her health. Film growers are cultivated by four types.

Note! This plant can decorate absolutely any interior and just look great in all rooms, whatever destiny they are. For chamedoria, illumination has no first to value. The bright place is suitable, but the protection against direct sunlight is required.

Subspecies of chamedoria:

  • oblong;
  • one-color;
  • elegant;
  • High.

The bush plant (in culture is usually one-baulous) 1.5-2 m high, has naked, segmental trunks, with short interstices of 2.5-3 cm in diameter. Each trunk is developing up to 6-7 peristened long-barrel leaves. The leaves of palm trees are at the top, and in some species they are pointed, lanceal. At varieties of this type, they are narcolatory, simple, pointed.

Room Palma Hameronops.

This palm tree grows in the Mediterranean region. Humperopes develops slowly, and its maximum height is 5 meters. The genus is represented by one species - Humilis. For the plant fits sandy and rocky soil. The foliage is very tough and is located tightly to each other, has a dirty green color. The trunks are usually somewhat.

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Room Palm Hameronopes (click on the photo to enlarge).
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Room Palm Hameronopes (click on the photo to enlarge).

Hammerance is well tolerated bright light and sharp temperature differences. In nature, it can often be found in places receiving a large amount of sunlight. The room in which hamelopes ripens is necessary to regularly ventilate. You can keep the plant on the sunny side of the room. This is his difference from the overwhelming majority of decorative palm trees. HamerOPS must be picked up with mineral fertilizers 2 times a month over the time of warm season.

How to care for decorative palm at home

The best place to grow palm species is a greenhouse. Located in this room of palm trees get a lot of scattered sunlight from different sides. Their appearance will be better than in the usual room. But due to the unpretentiousness of these plants, the creation of similar conditions in the apartment or house will give the same result. First of all, it is necessary to look at the state of the foliage plates.

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Most palm trees grown at home requires a rather spacious place.

If their appearance has changed, it is likely to indicate a degradation of palm health. At home, their leaves may fall and grow. During the year, it can grow up to three sheets, and feast - more than four. Thus, palm can remain without foliage and die. Some species since a certain time are generally unable to grow it. Do not confuse the natural process of discarding leaves due to the growth of palm and the disease due to insufficient care.

Note! To avoid misunderstandings and correctly care for his palm, you need to listen to the opinion of experienced gardeners.

What lighting is needed indoor palm

Only some decorative palm trees are recommended to put in the sun. Usually they must be away from direct rays. From the overaction of light, the state of the plant can deteriorate sharply. Also, this factor provokes rapid growth, which can lead to the fact that the palm has to be transferred to another place. Ideally, the plants should receive a scattered light. Only a few palm trees are resistance to shadow. If the plant is transferred to the street, then you need to choose such a place where it is constantly in a half.

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It is very important to provide for palm and proper lighting: the room where it will grow should be light, sunny.

Since most palms are light-minded, then it is better to put them on the sides of the window, reliably defending the top of the crown from entering direct rays. Before you choose a place for a pot, you need to learn what side the windows come out. It is not recommended to put palms from South, Southwestern and Southeast. This recommendation does not apply to the most light palm trees.

How to care for indoor palm: temperature regime

Despite the fact that in the natural habitat, palm trees grow at high temperatures in the summer and in the cool / hot climate in winter, home care provides content at a temperature not higher than +25 ° C. The reason is that even in nature the palm trees are striving for places protected from the sun. In summer, plants must be in a warmer setting, and for the winter they need to be transferred to a cool place (veranda, yards).

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Homemade palm plant can withstand the heat, but, unfortunately, only a short time.

Heat-loving palm trees should be winter at + 13 ... + 16 ° C, and frost-resistant - at temperatures from +8 ° C to +11 ° C. No need to forget about the ratio of temperature indicators and air humidity. Indoor with high humidity will increase the feeling of heat and sensation of coolness, depending on temperature. If the room, on the contrary, is too dry, then these condition will be perceived in the same way.

How to care for decorative palm: air humidity and watering

Palm - hydrophilic plants. Their location in the natural environment directly depends on the presence of a source of moisture. But almost all kinds, including palm trees growing in dry areas of the Earth, can long hold on without water. For full development, it is necessary to keep humidity at the level of 70% and higher, as far as the type of room allows. Near the plant you can place a container with water. Watering palm trees need careful not to provoke deterioration of the roots. In summer, watering should be rich and more often, especially in hot weather.

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The frequency of watering mainly depends on the air temperature.

In winter, the soil should be kept slightly wet, but not wet. If there is a lot of water in the ground or it will form clusters, the condition of palm trees can deteriorate sharply. It is necessary to water the plants with water of good quality, but to do it with distilled water can be dangerous. Leaves of some types are recommended to keep dry and wipe as less as possible. For irrigation, cool water is needed with a temperature not lower than +20 ° C.

How to grow indoor palm at home

At home, you can engage in the reproduction of palm trees. Decorative palm trees need to be grown by sowing fresh seeds, and in some cases - siblings. For germination, a temperature is needed + 25 ... + 35 ° C. Slow them in pots with sawdust, moss and sand. A drainage layer with particles of charcoal is placed on the bottom. Seeds germinate for a week or several months (it depends on the type). The transplant is necessary before starting active growth, in the spring. It is necessary to translate young palm trees every year, old - once a few years.

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Virtually any palm, decorative or home, does not require special care efforts, you only need to follow the basic rules.

During these manipulations, you should be neat with roots. The pot needs to be chosen based on the size and shape of the root. If the roots rise from under the ground, then you should choose a high pot. For accelerated development in the Spring and Summer periods, it is recommended to use feeding in the form of organic fertilizers.

Note! Most palm palm takes the transplant process, so it needs to be done quickly and as less as possible.

Palm transplantation

This procedure is carried out as needed together with increasing and developing both the tree itself and its root system. Usually, while the total root volume does not exceed the volume of soil in the pot, there is no need to transplant. How fast is palm treated at home? Almost all tropical plants grow quickly, so you will need to change the pot for the palm tree approximately every 2-4 years.

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Room palm transfer.

Than to feed the bedroom palm

Palma, if privacy manifests, then this refers to the composition of the soil. Culture loves a substrate in which there are in equal amounts of clay and turf and humid-sheet soil. You can also add some sand and charcoal.

Note! The feeder is performed once every two weeks in the period from spring to autumn, and in winter - 1 time per month. For the feed, as a rule, only organic fertilizers are used.

Features of the care of indoor palm trees in winter

One of the most important moments for any palm room format - wintering. Adapt to the conditions of home the palm trees from spring and before autumn can still be, but the wintering during the poor lighting and the operation of heating systems can be a real challenge for these legendary plants. To help palm trees survive the winter, you need to correctly and in time to adjust lighting, and temperature, and care.

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Features of the care of indoor palm trees in winter.

The most popular from large room plants - palm trees - special not only externally, but also in nature. Despite the fact that in size they are inferior to natural brethren of several dozen times, in the rooms their palm habits do not change. They not only create a bright tropical atmosphere around themselves and transform interiors, but also require reconstitution of microclimate.

All palm trees are without exception belong to cultures requiring strict selection of conditions of content and scrupulous care - careful follow-up to the rules of cultivation recommended for them.

Different palm trees - different temperatures of wintering

Depending on the origin - subtropical or tropical - not only the possibility of selection of a comfortable place is changed during the period of active growth, but also what palm trees need wintering. Subtropical palm trees require coolness, moderate temperatures, tropical winters in warm or moderately warm conditions.

To the number of palm trees that all year will prefer stable temperatures not tolerate the cooling below 15-18 degrees even for a short time, the dipcisis is yellowish, coconut, Libystone, round, geonoma, ropalostlis. And Hovi Forster, Arca Katech, Lithocarium, Millerum, Lontaroids, Lotania, Likuala, Akantophenix, Finika, Eutter, Edible and Cariot are mild and love to winter at a temperature not lower than 18 degrees.

In moderate warmth, at a temperature of from 10 to 15 degrees, it is preferred to winter such types of indoor palm trees, like Hamedoria Elegant, Sabal, Brahi.

But Washingtonium Nitrate, Hammerops Squat, Podchika Podchika, Trocharpus Thong and Rapeis high can winter even at temperatures below 10 degrees (but not lower than 3-4 degrees of heat, the optimal value is from 5 to 8 degrees).

Palms are one of the most sensitive plants to the temperature of the soil. It is worth verifying that the risk of uneven cooling of the substrate, disruption of the temperature stability of the root coma is minimized. Capacities should not consist on cold surfaces (even if palm trees are grown in wooden tub).

For the winter, floor plants are installed on substrates or stands (if the floor has heated floor, such a measure will protect against the root overheating), and the plants on the windowsill are removed from the glasses or removed from the windows to the stands.

If the air temperature fluctuates the air temperature, it is worth considering additional protection of the pots to protect the roots - from installation to an external temporary container before turning into insulation materials. Moreover, additional "clothes" can be used as a touch in seasonal interior design.

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Hovi Forster (Howea Forsteriana), like other tropical palm trees, prefers steadily warm temperatures in winter.

Correction of watering for palm trees for the winter

Everyone without exceptional palm is required in the fall of a slow cutting of irrigation. The correct adaptation period to the winter moisture regime is the basis for preserving attractive leaves, because less stress means less risk.

Watering reduce depending on the pace of soil grain and conditions:

  • For the palm trees in warm, continue to check the soil graze, only a few centimeters are stronger than driercing the substrate;
  • For palm trees in light coolness, watering is reduced, dried by the soil several times stronger - to a third or half;
  • For those in the cold, watering palm trees are minimized necessary to preserve roots and greens.

It should be followed by recommendations for each individual type. The overexpose overains for any palm tree.

Watering with warm water - the most important condition and measure, warning many problems of the development of palm trees. And it is not necessary to forget about it in winter, but only if the water will be implied under the "warm" water, the temperature of which is several degrees above the air temperature.

For all palm trees, which are so thermal-loving so much that it is preferred with wintering at 18 degrees and above, the water temperature is better left at the usual level of 30 degrees even in the midst of winter. For other species, focus on specific conditions.

In winter, regardless of the temperature of the palm trees, after watering water from the pallets, it is necessary to merge immediately, without waiting even the standard 5 minutes. If there are signs that the palm is still the lower part of the substrate remains overlap, it is possible to replace the usual pallet with a container filled with moisture-absorbing materials (perlite, small clay and even sand).

Partially immersing the pots in such a basis, you can help more efficient moisture distribution and warn dampness in the lower third of the substrate in containers. The same technique can also be used with random overflow in winter, insufficient drainage holes and compacted soil, especially when the temperature is contained below 12 degrees of heat.

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Watering with warm water is the most important condition and measure that warns many problems of development of palm trees in winter.

Support humidity

Air humidity is a critical condition for the normal preservation of palm leaves during the winter. Palma and so difficult to adapt to all the shortcomings of the winter content. And very dry air at this time of year leads to the appearance of dry tips on the luxurious wighs, yellow spots, not to mention the accelerated drying of old leaves.

Spraying is the best method of preventing palm decorativity loss. Winter spraying is carried out if necessary even for palm trees in the coolness - neatly, warm water, sometimes spraying replacing watering.

Fresh air, but without drafts

In winter, the draftsmen are very dangerous for everyone without exception. At the same time, all palm trees, regardless of the origin, and in winter require regular ventilation and access of fresh air, do not tolerate its stagnation.

Free air circulation is important with a cool wintering system not at least than when warm. Plant protection needs to be paid high attention, covering palm trees from cold air streams, shifting or losing to other rooms. Any sharp temperature differences and cold drafts will affect the state of the plants.

If it is possible to dampen palm trees from the premises, it is better to use it, returning plants back when the temperature stabilizes.

No trimming!

If the palm leaves are injured, spots appear on them or they dry, demanding trimming, you should not succumb to the temptation. In winter, any trimming on the palm trees, even if we are talking about dry wi tips, under the strict ban.

All areas of victims during the winter can be cut only before the start of growth - early spring. At the same time, the rules of trimming remain standard: the victims of the winter leaves are also cut, as well as sheets, drying at any other time of the year - leaving a strip of dry tissue, and not alive and healthy areas. Fully Wija can only be cut after the entire sheet plate and stalk dry.

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In winter, you must especially carefully monitor the purity of the leaf of the room palm.

In winter, you must especially carefully monitor the purity of the leaves. Neat wiping with a soft sponge or sour cream with a brush is an important measure of preventing the spread of pests and disorders of effective photosynthesis.

Washing and sowing Even for compact palm trees in winter are very dangerous. Water procedures should be carried out only as a last resort, with severe pollution, using warm water and giving the plant to dry in a warm room for several days before carrying to the familiar medium.

Video: Room palm care features

 

How to care for palm trees at home

Palma is a tropical plant that is associated with the ocean and recreation. When growing in the apartment, health and appearance of the plant will depend on the environment. Caring for palm trees at home has nuances that are mandatory to comply with.

How to care for palm trees at home

The habitat conditions of the plant on the windowsill should be as close as possible to natural. This should correspond to the soil, watering, temperature and humidity parameters.

Home palm

Choosing a place

Perhaps not everyone knows where palm trees grow. And they live in different climatic zones, where the temperature:

  • the whole year is high enough;
  • During the day hesitates ranging from +25 to +35 degrees.

Note! Some species of palm trees withstand freezes to -17 and heat up to +45 degrees.

Types of domestic palm trees in the temperature regime:

  • Sustainable cooling. Hold the temperature from +8 to +12. Such type includes Brahi, Washington, Trachikarpus. Wintering at +16 transfer clinogstygm, rapeis, sabali, rapalostilis;
  • Heat-loving plants. Prefer the temperature above +24. To them Cariot, Arc, Hamedorius, Finik Robelin.

Palmish should not be located under the right sunlight, a well-lit place is quite illuminated. It is very sensitive to drafts. Therefore, the pot with a plant should be located away from the swing window. If this fails to be achieved, then the flower from the room should be taken at the time of ventilation. If the plant is large and stands on the floor, then you should put a pot on the stand. In this case, the root system will not be hypother.

Palm cultivation at home

Important! The temperature decrease is dangerous for the root system.

Watering and humidity

Water palm needed enough and regularly. For watering, warm and dilated water should be used. Much benefit brings melt and rainwater. Watering differs depending on the time of year. In the period from early spring to autumn should be poured abundantly. The signal to the new watering will dry up the upper layer of the Earth. The land in the pot must be moistened, but it is important not to fill the flower with water or over. It is advisable to acquire pots with a pallet and pour drainage.

Important! If the plant has recently transplanted, then watering should be frequent without drying an earthen coma.

How to care for a palm tree in winter

Watering should be reduced when the air becomes cool and raw. When the soil oveurgery, the roots and the spread of pests can occur. The volume of water depends on the age of the plant: the older it is, the more water you need.

In winter, the indoor air humidity is significantly reduced, so it is worth spraying the plant daily. In the spring and autumn, the humidity of the air rises, which reduces the need for spraying.

In addition to spraying, you can wipe the leaves of large plants with a wet sponge. If you have the opportunity to get a flower under the shower, then this should be done by wrapped the pot with a ground film. To enhance humidity in the room, you can put open containers with water or use the domestic humidifier.

Caring for palm should be regular

Choosing soil

Palm trees great in loose, moisture and breathable soils with sufficient nutrients. The soil medium should be weakly acidic or close to neutral, pH about 6.3-6.5. The land should not compete, the moisture must freely pass through it.

In horticultural stores, ready-made mixes for planting palm trees are sold. There are several types of such blends.

Composition number 1:

  • 2 parts of fertile soil;
  • 1 part of humus;
  • 1 part of sand.

Composition number 2:

  • sand;
  • fertile peat;
  • Dolomitic flour;
  • Mineral fertilizer.

Fertilizer and subordinate

In natural conditions, palm trees are growing on the soils rich in humus. With a wet and warm medium, the fallen leaves are overloaded and form a fertile substrate. Therefore, when planting, you can add humus to the ground or already at this stage it is filing a plant. Palm trees perfectly react to feeding cow or bird litter. After 5-7 days of insteading, the solution is fastened and used for irrigation.

If there is no desire to prepare fertilizer yourself, then special granules are sold in stores, which do not smell and have the form of compressed sawdust.

Palm tree fertilizer

Problems with leaves - Determination of the cause and elimination

Beginner flowerflowers often have a question why yellow leaves have a palm tree? If the problem occurs, the environmental parameters and care features should be analyzed. There are several reasons for the appearance of dry tips of the leaves:

  • The plant falls under drafts, so the leaves begin to dry. For growing palm trees, fresh air is needed, but a strong flow of dry air can spoil the leaves. It is necessary to place the flower away from the open window or take out of the room at the time of ventilation.
  • Excess or lack of moisture. Palms love moisture very much. With a lack of water, the leaves can yellow and dry out the leaves. However, the plant can turn yellow if the land is in a pot of swallowing. In this case, it is necessary to reduce watering, wait for the dripping of the earth coma or transplant the plant into a new pot with good drainage.
  • Low air humidity. The leaves can begin to turn yellow at the beginning of the heating season when the air becomes dry and hot. At this time, it is worth using household humidifiers or put a water container in the room. Once a week you can bathe a plant under the warm shower. Periodically, spray the plant from the spray and wipe the leaves from dust.

When growing palm trees, such a problem is possible as a white flare on the leaves:

  • The main reason for the appearance of plaque on the leaves is watering with high rigidity. The moisture is actively evapored from the leaves, and the lime and salt flare remains on their surface and do not allow the plant to breathe. Palm condition can deteriorate. If the water in the region is very rigid, raid is formed in the kettle when boiling, it is necessary to defend it during watering. With this preparation, chlorine evaporates, and salts are settled to the bottom.
  • White colors can be a sign of fungus. With such a problem, it is worth paying attention to the temperature and humidity in the room. The lesion occurs at low temperature and high humidity. For treatment it is necessary to trim the infected leaves and process the remaining fungicides.

Dry leaves by palm

Palm reproduction - Instructions for growing

When growing at home, many people have a question how palm has been multiplied? The method of reproduction depends on the type of plant. Non-blooming varieties can be multiplied vegetatively, blooming gives seeds that can be cleaned.

Vegetative reproduction

If the palm does not give processes, the question arises how to send palm trees vegetatively.

Reproduction tops:

  1. For landing, it is necessary to separate the upper part of the escape, clean its lower part from the leaves.
  2. The process should be placed in a pot with a fertile loose soil, it is good to pour, leav at room temperature.
  3. To create a favorable environment, you can make a kind of greenhouse - cover the shoot of a film or a glass jar.
  4. As soon as the roots of the greenhouse can be removed.

This method of planting is suitable for palm treason and yukka.

Spray reproduction:

  1. Sibling appears near the root system of the main bush. Gradually begins to root and becomes a separate plant.
  2. After the complete compartment, the process from the uterine bush should be cut off with a knife.
  3. Slices should be treated with coal or ashes.
  4. The young process is planted in a separate pot, it is ensured by the right care and watering.
  5. This method is used for reproduction of palm trees of Karita, Pin, Hammerops, Hamedoriya.

Palmage at home can be raised in different ways.

Cultivation of bones or seeds

Palmry can be grown independently from the seed, passing the expectation of the fruit. It is not necessary to wait for the flowering of an adult individual and the ripening of seeds. Finished seeds are sold in stores. It is necessary to check the year of seed packaging. If more than two years have passed, then the germination of seeds may be bad and it is worth abandoning the purchase.

Step-by-step plan, how to grow palm trees from seeds:

  1. Carefully cover the dense shell of palm bone.
  2. Place seed in warm water. It should be changed daily.
  3. Seven must swell. That may have to wait a few months.
  4. Nobuch seed or bone remove from water, put in a fertile substrate, water water, make a greenhouse from a glass jar or film,
  5. After the first sprouts, the film can be removed.

Choice Pot or Palm Tanks

The landing capacity must correspond to the size of the root system. Young plants should transplant in the pots of medium sizes. With the growth of palm trees, each next pot must be a third more than the previous one. The very first one should be a volume of 200 ml, the second - 500 ml, the following - 750-1000 ml. Too small pot will stop the growth of palm trees, and too wide will lead to the development of fungus and reinforce the roots.

Large palm you can put in a wooden tub. Such a beautiful plant will become a decoration of the kitchen-living room, will enrich air oxygen and give a feeling of serenity.

Pot or jag must be made of natural materials. Such a vessel will make the roots breathing and will not cause the root. When using a plastic pot, it follows to put a thick layer of drainage at its bottom.

Palm tree in the interior

How to transplant palm yourself

Young palm trees are transplanted annually in the spring, medium in the age of the plant - every 2-3 years, more adults - every five years.

Note! For adult plants, partial replacement of the top layer of the soil is allowed.

The transplant is carried out according to the transshipment method so that the roots remain integer. If the roots remain on the surface, then moss-sphagnum should be put on top of them.

Palmage care is simple enough, it is worth paying attention to the quality of the soil, watering, humidity. If the flower owners will comply with all the conditions, they will be able to enjoy an exotic plant with a luxurious crown at home.

Rubric: Care

Care of palm trees at home: why drunk leaves

Published 08/19/2018 · Comments:

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The content of exotic plants in the home collection rarely costs without certain problems. It is difficult for them, because the microclimate of apartments is significantly different from those natural conditions in which they are accustomed to exist. No exception and care for palm trees at home. The leaves will dry, starting yellowing from the tips, and then dying at all.

What is done by flower water wrong? How to learn to take care of Palma So that the plant felt comfortable, wonderful developed and pleased the owners with their healthy lush look? Perhaps, it is worth dealing with all the details in the subtleties of care for exotic tropicanku.h2>

What conditions are needed to place palm trees in the house

Although the palm and tropical plant, accustomed to bright light, but the room palm is contained with the scattered rays of the sun. Explanation Simple - at home is grown, as a rule, young specimens with delicate foliage, which painfully reacts to excess lighting, especially with increased thermometer.

With age, the plants move in greenhouses and winter gardens with high ceilings and bright large windows, where they can develop further. But in the apartment, the palm tree put next to the southeast, southern or south-western window, intense from the scorching of the sun. It is mistaken to assume that the palm trees are needed indoors close to 30 degrees of heat.

Representatives of the Palm family live in various climatic zones. For some of them - the most warm-loving, really thermometer indicators should not fall below 18 degrees. Such plants include Cariot, Humedore, Liviston, a rounded, chrysalidocarpus yellowish, archonophenix, arc, Pieci Relini.

However, for the most common indoor palms - Khovyi Forster and Belmor, clini, coconut Bonneti, metroxylon, sabal, geon, Rapis, Rapalostylis are quite acceptable temperatures 15-21, and with winter content - 8-13 degrees of heat.

There are also real ascetics, which even in summer the air temperature above 18 degrees seems to be heat, and in the winter there is a norm of 5-12 degrees of heat for them. Different types of Bragei, Hammerops Low, Washington, Frachicarpus, Washington, Liviston, Chinese and South, Real and Canary Date, are calculated. Knowing, which of the temperature groups includes home palm, it is not difficult to organize appropriate care for it.

Palms love fresh air and respond gratefully to ventilating the room or move in the summer in the garden, but the drafts do not tolerate, instantly acquire a painful look.

Which substrate is grown palm

The composition of the soil for growing palm trees is largely depends on the age of the plant. The older, the harder the soil is needed for him. Young specimens up to 2 years old and seedlings are planting in light loose substrates, and with each subsequent transplantation in the soil for palm trees, clay humus component is added in proportion to the increase in palm life.

Any mixture is based on a turf, sand and sheet or humid soil, and the proportion of sand is the same for plants of different ages, but the remaining components change. If only 1 part is required for young palm trees, then for older instances - two, and for adults - 3 parts. Sheet, humus or peat ground, on the contrary, in the composition of the mixture with increasing palm trees decreases - with 3 parts of seedlings to 1 part in mature plants.

The main rule for growing palm trees relating to the substrate - than the feeder soil, the better the exotic tropicank is growing. In the event that there are obstacles to the determination of the age of palm trees, it is planted in a universal mixture - 2 volumes of clay and turf and humid and leafy land plus 1 volume of overworked manure, peat ground and coal sand with the addition of medium charcoal pieces.

How to water

Radially adjusted irrigation regimen - half of the success of growing home palm. Plant as no other acutely reacts to excess moisture and its disadvantage. But even greater importance plays humidity.

All palm trees without exception, even those that come from arid regions, moisture. Consequently, watering plants are necessary in summer almost every day, in winter - less often, it is necessary to focus on dry air. However, the stagnation of water in the pallet is harmful for the roots, too much must be merged, except for conditions with increased dryness of air and high indoor temperatures - more than 22-25 degrees. They try to maintain an earthen com constantly in a wet state, but not in the wet. In winter, in cool apartments, they are less likely or alternate the moisturizing of the earth coma with spraying.

Before watering the upper layer of the substrate in the pot must be dry. Only a few species of palm trees like the swampy regions like the constant moisture in the pallet. But to spraying and warm soul are not indifferent to most palm representatives. The replacement of these procedures can be a daily rubbing with a wet clean cloth of the leaf surface.

Watering is recommended to produce in the morning, not in the afternoon or in the evening. Water for moisture uses soft and in no case in no case colder temperatures in the room, it is better to adhere to constant indicators of 35-40 degrees.

What feeders need palm trees

Recently transplanted fertilizer plants in the first six months are not required. Palms made in the garden feed the weekly, which remained for the summer indoors - twice a month with special mineral complexes in the dosage indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer.

The thermal-loving species make feeding even in winter, subject to their content in warm and bright rooms, but the dosage takes less and the frequency is reduced to once a month. All feeders are carried out only after watering, when the earthen comes well soaked in moisture.

Do I need to cut a palm tree

In the care of the palm, it is necessary to know a very important point - you should never cut up the top, because there is a single point of growth in it, having lost which the plant will perish.

It is not necessary to shorten the roots of palm trees during transplant, only patients are removed and dead. The plant does not tolerate interventions in the root system at all, and even more so, such a cardinal as trimming.

Many are interested in the question - is it necessary to cut drying the leaves? It is undesirable if the leaf plate dried not completely. Only when he sees and dried with a pet, a sheet is removed. However, very often started yellowing plate spoils the decorativeness of the entire plant.

In this case, it is allowed to trim the yellowed part of it, but not to the living tissue, should remain at least a narrow strip of a dead yellow leaf plate. It is noticed that otherwise, if it was cut without having time to add a fully sheet, the yellowing of other healthy green leaves is activated.

Errors in care, or why yellow palm

The first and most simple cause of the yellowing of the leaves are related to irrigation - and from the lack, and the leaf plates are yellowing from the exten wet of moisture. However, there may be other blunders in care - excess nutrients in the substrate, direct solar lighting, the hyproofing of the roots.

If the tips of the sheet plates are brown - perhaps the cause in low humidity, but such a phenomenon is observed and from the effects of cold on the plant - frosty air from an open window or from touching a sheet to cold window glass. And brown spots on sheet plates indicate poor-quality irrigation water, most likely too tough for palm, as well as a sharp decrease in the night temperature or banal overflow. However, one should not be confused with the browning of the lower old leaves, die down with age.

Sometimes Krone before yellowing, heavily evins, and then yellow leaves from the palm trees and dry. This happens when the earthlings are sealed and the air does not flow to the roots. First of all, they check whether the roots of the drainage hole were blocked. For palm trees, this is a frequent phenomenon that entails a number of problems with a healthy state of the plant.

Buro-green leaves of palm trees - a sign of the poor state of the root system. Very often it is difficult to save, and sometimes it is impossible. Premature deployment of a young leaf says immediately about several possible reasons - a lack of magnesium and iron, overflow, damage to the roots.

What diseases are overcome flower, or why the palm trees yellow leaves

Among the diseases, palms are bacterial and viral lesions, but fungal infections are more often observed. Symptoms of the disease are different, but they all lead to yellowing and drying the crown.

Gray rot is appearing on the leaves and shoots in the form of a gray laid. The powdery dew is also characterized by a skeleton of a grayish-white color on foliage and stems during a vegetation, but in winter the disputes are dormant on plants in the form of dark brown balls and are activated with the arrival of spring.

Rust does not confuse with another fungal defeat. It looks like bright orange-terracotta pads on the foliage, less often - on the pagons.

Depending on the type, the fungus is striking palm and spotted leaves - black, brown, brown, gray. Fung with fungal diseases are struggling with the help of fungicides, processed also by necessity more than once.

Viral lesions happen on palm trees rarely. Mosaic of leaves, their twisting, patterns of colors - signs of presence in the cells of the virus plant. It is difficult to treat it, usually the fallen palm trees utilize.

Pests of plants, or why the leaves dry the palm

Future with the fauna parasitic on the plant is always more difficult than preventing its appearance. And pests, and diseases are always observed rather on weakened green pets than on healthy and strong immunity.

On the palm trees there are shields, milders, solards, trips, and spider ties, less often can be seen on the bottom side of the foliage of the whiteflink. With the advent of the tick foliage very quickly yellowes and dries. Attacks of many pests can be avoided if we can wash the leaves with water. Such procedures do not like neither ticks, no shields, nor Cherresent. For prevention, it is possible to wash the plant once a month with a soap solution.

If the colonies of pests increased as a result of the missed time, apply the appropriate chemicals, which are treated with an affected plant repeatedly.

Conclusion

Home palm trees to some extent enough capricious green pets - require constant attention of the flower and caring care. However, their luxurious view in the interior of the apartment compensates to a drop of all the efforts spent.

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